The Effect of Using Different Levels of Corn Distillers Dried Grains (DDG)and Iraqi Probioticon the Diets on Physiological Performance of Laying Hens

  • Abdulrahman F. Abdulrahman College of Agriculture , University of Tikrit
  • Saad A. Naji College of Agriculture , University of Al-Qadisiyah
  • Maad A.K. Albaddy College of Agriculture , University of Tikrit

Abstract

This experiments is conducted to investigate the effect of using various levels of  Dried Distillers Corn  Grains and supplemented with the Iraqi probiotic with fermentation treatment on the physiological performance of  laying hens .Atotal of   600 laying hens ( ISA Brown ) at the age of  22 weeks are used . Hens are assigned randomly on 12 treatment groups with  two replicates for each treatment , 25 hens for each replicate .The treatment  groups are as follows : T1 : The control treatment , no supplementation ( the negative control ) T2 : The control treatment with  Iraqi  probiotic ( the first  positive control ) . T3 : The control treatment with Iraqi probiotic + Fermentation ( the second  positive control ) . T4 : Dried Distillers Corn Grains"DDG 10 % . T5 : DDG 10 % + Iraqi Probiotic . T6 : DDG 10 % + Iraqi Probiotic + Fermentation . T7 : DDG 20 % . T8 : DDG 20 % + Iraqi Probiotic .  T9 : DDG 20 % + Iraqi probiotic + Fermentation . T10 : DDG 30 % . T11 : DDG 30 % + Iraqi probiotic . T12 : DDG 30 % +  Iraqi probiotic + Fermentation . The diets are given in a ground form . The lighting program and the water supplementing regime are performed according to ( guides for laying hen - ISA-Brown ) from the age of 22 weeks till the age of 37 weeks . The results obtained could be summarized as follows : Diet supplementation with Iraqi probiotic significantly ( p < 0.05) increases the  total bacteria count  and lactic acid bacteria  and decrease the count of E. coliin the jujinum  of treated birds  as compared with control – Treatments significantly  increase the villi high  and  crypts depth in favor of the treatments which contained DDG The serum cholesterol in treatments  which fed on diets supplemented with DDG exception the control which fed10% DDG fermented  with probiotic . DDG Treatments significantly( p < 0.05) decrease triglyceride compared with the T12 (30% DDG andfermentation with  probiotic ) in addition to high significant  in total protein and globuin experience for all treatments as compared with T11 (30% and probiotic ).

References

ابراهيم , اسماعيل خليل ( 2000 ) . تغذية الدواجن . الطبعة الثانية , دار الكتب للطباعة والنشر - جامعة الموصل .
الياسين ، علي عبد الخالق ومحمد حسن عبد العباس ( 2010. ( تغذية الطيور الداجنة ، الطبعة الاولى – جامعة بغداد – العراق .
Batal , A . B . , and N . M . Dale . 2003 . Mineral composition of distillers dried grains with soluble . J . App . Poultry . Res . 12 : 400 – 403 .
Baurhoo, B. , F. Goldflus and X . Zhao . 2009. Purified cell wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae increases protection against intestinal pathogens in broiler chickens. Int. J. Poultry . Sci. 8: 133-137 .
Bishop , M .L . , J . L . Dube - Engelkirk , and E . P . Fody . 2000 . Clinical Chemistry : Principles , correlation’s , procedures . . 4th . ed . , J . B . Lippincott Williams and Wilkins . Philadelphia . P : 405 – 416 .
Cho, S. S. and E. T . Finocchiaro . 2010. Handbook of prebiotics and probiotics ingredients. CRC Press Taylor X Francis Group. Printed in U. S. A.
Duncan , D . B . 1955. Multiple range and multiple test . Biometrics , 11 : 1 – 42 .
Ghavidel , S . Z . , K . N . Adl , S . A . Sis , A . M .Aghsaghali , M . Mohammadian and S . A . Siadati . 2011 . Effects of lactobacillus-based probiotic on growth performance, mortality rate and carcass yield in broiler chickens. Animals of Biological Research . 2 ( 2 ) : 325 – 331 .
Gunal, M. , G. Yayli, O. kaya, N. karahan and O. Sulak. 2006. The effect of antibiotic growth promoter, probiotic or organic acid supplementation on performance, intestinal micro flora and tissue of broilers. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 149: 145-155 .
Kho , W . L . 2006 .Effect of fermented feed production by probiotics mixture on broiler chickens . J . Chin . Soc . Anim . Sci . 35 : 65 .
Lin , S .Y . , A . T . Y . Hung and J . J . Lu , 2011 . Effects of supplement with different level of Bacillus coagulans as probiotics on growth performance and intestinal microflora populations of broiler chickens . Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances . 10 ( 1 ) : 111 – 114.
N . R . C . , National Research Council . 1994 . Nutrient Requirements of Poultry , 9th ed . , National Acad . Press , Washington , D . C . : NAS , Pp . 155 .
Noll, S., V. Stangeland, G. Speers and J. Brannon. 2001. Distillers grains in poultry diets. 62nd Minnesota Nutrition Conference and Minnesota Corn Growers Association Technical Symposium, Bloomington, MN. September 11-12.
SAS . Version , Statistical Analysis System . 2001 . SAS Institute Inc . , Cary , NC . 27512 - 8000 , USA .
Saminathan, M. , C. C. Sieo, R. Kalavathy, N. Abdullah and Y. W. Ho. 2011. Effect of prebiotic oligosaccharides on growth of Lactobacillus strains used as a probiotic for chickens. African Journal of Microbiology Research. 5: 57-64 .
Santoso , U . , K .Tanaka , S . Ohaniand and M .Saksida . 2001.Effect of fermented product from Bacillus subtillus on feed efficiency, lipid accumulation and ammonia production in broiler chickens. Asian-Australas . J . Anim . Sci .14 : 333 -337 .
Sturkie , P.D. 1986. Avian physiology. 4th ed. Springer-Verlag , New York.
Surawicz , C . M . Elmer , G .W. Speelman , P. McFarland , L .V. Chinn and J .Van Belle . 1989 . Preventation of antibiotic -associated diarrhea by Saccharomycs boulardii : A prospective study. Gasrtroenterology 96 : 981 – 988 .
Uchewa , E . n . , and P . N . Onu , . 2012 . The effect of feed watting and fermented feed on the performance of broiler chick . Biochemstry in Animal Husbandry 28 : 433 – 439 .
Published
2017-06-20
How to Cite
F. ABDULRAHMAN, Abdulrahman; A. NAJI, Saad; A.K. ALBADDY, Maad. The Effect of Using Different Levels of Corn Distillers Dried Grains (DDG)and Iraqi Probioticon the Diets on Physiological Performance of Laying Hens. Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 68-76, june 2017. ISSN 2077-5822. Available at: <http://qu.edu.iq/journalagr/index.php/QJAS/article/view/12>. Date accessed: 19 oct. 2018.
Section
Articles