Experimental Investigation of Performance and Exhaust Emissions of a Diesel Engine With Scrap Tires Rubber Oil Blended Diesel Fuel
AbstractUsing of scrap tires will result in recycle the waste of rubber products and solve the problem of increasing the prices of mineral fuel. Different blends of scrap tires rubber oil (STRO) and diesel fuel have been investigated experimentally using diesel engine for performance and emission products. A blend of 10, 20, 30, 40% and standard diesel fuel have been tested in the diesel engine and the results showed a good improvement in reducing the pollutants. One of the important problems facing the mixed with fuel oil is to increase the viscosity and decreasing volatility that lead to carbon deposition and ring sticking of these types of oils. When blended with diesel, (STRO) presented lower viscosity, improved volatility, better combustion and less carbon deposit. NOx emission for the blend of 20% scrap tires rubber oil (STRO 20) was reduced by 40%. An increase in emission of hydrocarbon by 20% was found at full load. The emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) from scrap tires rubber oil and its blends were higher except in (STRO 20) blend that reduced by 15%. The brake thermal efficiency was spotted higher with standard fuel than scrap tire rubber oil and its blends. The present work showed that the 20% blending ratio is the optimum blending ratio for scrap tires rubber oil depending on experimental test results. Also, the current study introduce the waste of rubber products as a good alternative fuel blended with diesel fuel verify economical and environmental benefits.
 Mahmood M. Barbooti,Thamer J. Mohameda, Alaa A. Hussain, Falak O. Abasa, Optimization of pyrolysis conditions of scrap tires under inert gas atmosphere, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 72 (2004) 165–170. doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2004.05.001.
 Diez, C., Martinez, O., Calvo, L.F., Cara, J., Maran, A., 2004. Pyrolysis of tire. Influence of the final temperature of the process on emissions and the calorific value of the products recovered. Waste Management 24, 463–469.
 Williams, P.T., Besler, S., 1995. Pyrolysis-thermo gravimetric analysis of tires and components. Fuel 74, 1277–1283.
 Kaminsky W, Sinn H. Thermal Conversion of Solid Wastes and Biomass, American Chemical Society Symposium Series 130. Washington DC: ACS Publishers, 1980.
 Kawakami S, Inone K, Tanaka H, Sakai T. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 130.Washington DC: ACS Publishers, 1980.
 Teng H, Serio M, Wo´ jtowicz MA, Bassilakis R, Solomon PR. Ind Eng Chem Res 1995;34:3102–11.
 Merchant AA, Petrich MA. AIChE J 1993;39(8):1370–6.
 Farcasiu M,Smith CM.Am Chem Soc Fuel Chem Div Preprints 1992;37(1):472–9.
 Farcasiu M. Chemtech 1993;23(1):22–4.
 Liu Z, Zondlo JW, Dadyburjor DB. Energy Fuels 1994;8(3):607–12.
 Mastral AM, Murillo R, Pe´rez-Surio MJ, Calle´n MS. Energy Fuels 1996;10(4):941–7.
 Tang Y, Curtis CW. Fuel Processing Technol 1996;46(3):195–215.
 Tang Y,Curtis CW.Am Chem Soc Div Fuel Chem Preprints 1996;41(3):1057–61
 Orr EC, Shi Y, Shao L, Liang J, Ding W, Anderson LL, Eyring EM. Fuel Processing Technol. 1996;49(1:3):233–46.
 Orr EC, Shi Y, Ji Q, Shao L, Villanueva M, Eyring EM. Energy Fuels 1996;10(3):573–8.
 Mastral AM, Murillo R, Calle´n MS, Pe´rez-Surio MJ, Mayoral MC. Energy Fuels 1997;11(3):676– 80.
 Anderson LL, Calle´n MS, Ding W, Liang J, Mastral AM, Mayoral MC, Murillo R. Ind Eng Chem Res 1997;36:4763–7.
 Liu Z, Dadyburjor DB. Energy Fuels 1995;9:673.
 Mastral AM, Murillo R, Mayoral MC, Calle´n MS. Energy Fuels 1997;11:813–8.
 Mastral AM, Murillo R, USA Patent 5960 123, March 1997.
 Gonzalez, J.F., Jose, M.E., Jose, L.C., Juan, J.R., 2001. Pyrolysis of automobile tire waste. Influence of operating variables and kinetics study. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 58–59, 667–683.
 McCormick RL, Tennant CJ, Hayes RR, Black S, Ireland J, McDaniel T, Regulated emissions from biodiesel tested in heavy-duty engines meeting, 2004 emission standards. Society of Automotive Engineers; 2005. SAE Paper 2005-01-2200.
 Ali Y, Hanna MA, Leviticus LI. Emissions and power characteristics of diesel engines on methyl soyate and diesel fuel blends. Bioresource Technology 1995;52(2):185-95.
 Agarwal AK, Das LM. Biodiesel development and characterization for use as a fuel in compression ignition engines. Transactions of the ASME 2001;123:440-7.
 Al-Widyan MI, Tashtoush G, Abu-Qudais M. Utilization of ethyl ester of waste
vegetable oils as fuel in diesel engines. Fuel Processing Technology 2001;76(2):91-103.
 Raheman H, Phadatare AG. Diesel engine emissions and performance fromblends of karanja methyl ester and diesel. Biomass and Bioenergy 2004;27(4):393-7.
 Ramadhas AS, Muraleedharan C, Jayaraj S. Performance and emission evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with methyl esters of rubber seed oil. Renewable Energy 2005;30(12) ,1789e800.
 Labeckas G, Slavinskas S., The effect of rapeseed oil methyl ester on direct injection diesel engine performance and exhaust emissions, Energy Conversion and Management 2006;47(13):1954-67.
 Lin YC, Lee WJ, Hou HC. PAH, emissions and energy efficiency of palm-biodiesel blends fueled on diesel generator. Atmospheric Environment 2006;40(21):3930-40.
 Raheman H, Ghadge SV., Performance of diesel engine with biodiesel at varying compression ratio and ignition timing. Fuel 2008;87(12):2659-66.
 Bueno AV, Velásquez JA, Milanez LF. Effect of soybean oil ethyl ester/diesel fuel blend on engine efficiency. International Journal of Vehicle Design 2009;50(1): 229-47.
 Godiganurb S, Murthy CHS, Reddy RP. 6BTA 5.9 G2eG1 Cummins engine performance and emission tests using methyl ester mahua (Madhuca indica)oil/diesel blends. Renewable Energy 2009;34(10):2172-7.
 Lin YC, Lee WJ, Wu TS, Wang CT. Comparison of PAH and regulated harmful matter emissions from biodiesel blends and paraffinic fuel blends on engine accumulated mileage test. Fuel 2006;85(17):2516-23.
 Baiju B, Naik MK, Das LM. A comparative evaluation of compression ignition engine characteristics using methyl and ethyl esters of Karanja oil. Renewable Energy 2009;34(6) ,1616-21.
 Canakci M. Performance and emissions characteristics of biodiesel from soybean oil. Proceedings of the institution of mechanical engineers, part D.Journal of Automobile Engineering 2005;219(7):915-22.
 Rakopoulos CD, Antonopoulos KA, Rakopoulos DC, Hountalas DT, Giakoumis EG. Comparative performance and emissions study of a direct injection diesel engine using blends of diesel fuel with vegetable oils or biodiesels of various origins. Energy Conversion and Management, 2006;47(18):3272-87.
 Rakopoulos CD, Rakopoulos DC, Hountalas DT, Giakoumis EG, Andritsakis EC. Performance and emissions of bus engine using blends of diesel fuel with biodiesel of sunflower or cottonseed oils derived from Greek feedstock. Fuel 2008;87(2):147-57.
 Tsolakis A, Megaritis A, Wyszynski ML, Theinnoi K. Engine performance and emissions of a diesel engine operating on diesel-RME (rapeseed methyl ester) blends with EGR (exhaust gas recirculation). Energy 2007;32(11):2072-80.
 Ramadhas AS, Muraleedharan C, Jayaraj S. Performance and emission evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with methyl esters of rubber seed oil. Renewable Energy 2005;30(12): 1789-800.
 Kaplan C, Arslan R, Sürmen A. Performance characteristics of sunflower methyl esters as biodiesel. Energy Sources 2006;28(8):751-5.
 G. Kasiraman, B. Nagalingam, M. Balakrishnan, Performance, emission and combustion improvements in a direct injection diesel engine using cashew nut shell oil as fuel with camphor oil blending, Energy 47 (2012) 116-124.
 Exhaust Gas Analyzer User’s Manual.
 Andre Valente Bueno, José Antonio Velásquez, Luiz Fernando Milanez, Heat release and engine performance effects of soybean oil ethyl ester blending into diesel fuel, Energy 36 (2011) 3907e3916, Doi:10.1016/j.energy.2010.07.030.
 Hindren A. Saber, Ramzi R. Ibraheem Al-Barwari, Ziyad J. Talabany, Effect of Ambient Air Temperature on Specific Fuel Consumption of Naturally Aspirated Diesel Engine, Journal of Science and Engineering Vol. 1 (1), 2013, 1-7.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.