Studying the development potentials to invest groundwater in Najaf Ashraf state

  • Zainab Degan Abbasse Al-Kelabbee, A.Leacture Environmental department\Physical planning college\kufa university


The under ground water is considered one of the most important resources of water in desert and semi desert regions in the world and spatially in Iraq. The underground water is the water that escaped through the surface layers from Rain water , Rivers , and Sweet laks , By time this water exists in the earth care with depth that differs from one place to another due to the geological nature of soil . The importance of underground increases conyounsoully with the requsel for water to an agriculture , undustrial , and drinking needs.
The research investigated tow points in order to achieve a comprehensive survey of the study area: -
the first : The undergroundwater data was taken from Ministry of Construction and Housing through soil invistegations tests that was conducted for the study region which through it the depth of underground identified and also its layers type and characteristces and we used Giographical information System program as a tool to show the levels of undergroundwater
1-The study area included five different regions in Najaf state they are locations from 1 to No. 5 for year 2014 the depths of ground water on it ranged from (1.3-11)m.
2-Ten different regions in Najaf state that differ from the areas in (1) above they are locations from 1 to No.10 for year 2013 the depths of ground water on it ranged from (1.9-12.5)m.
The second :- a physical and chemical study was conducted on different areas spread over the province of Najaf that differ from the areas in the first section (1,2) and they are shown in the visible Najaf satellite, the depths ranged from (20-90 M) for 2014 were obtained from the environment directorate of Najaf, where the ministry instructed the Environment Directorate to conduct periodic tests for these wells to determine their types. And they were discussed in the research in order to know the possibility of investing them through the ministry experiments. They were represented by the tests (measuring temperature (water), potential Hydrogenii (pH), Electrical conductivity (Ec),turbidity, Total dissoluble salts TDS , Total suspended salts TSS, cations (positive ions) (K, Mg2 +, Ca2 +, Na +) negative ions (SO4-, Cl-, HCO3 -, - CO3, NO3-, PO4-,), and results of these tests were compared to the tables of (Water drink validity) according to the WHO’s standards (World Health Organization), (water validity for irrigation, according to the standard of the Islamic Education, Culture and Science Organization (ISECO) and (industrial water criteria)). It was conducted through the research that the groundwater in the province of Najaf exists with depths, levels and types, that can be utilized as an alternative resource and for different purposes, including drinking, irrigation, and various industries with some treatments that the water needs in several wells, in order to be valid for the required purposes specially treating it from salts.


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How to Cite
DEGAN ABBASSE AL-KELABBEE, Zainab. Studying the development potentials to invest groundwater in Najaf Ashraf state. Al-Qadisiyah Journal for Engineering Sciences, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 23-45, jan. 2018. ISSN 2411-7773. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 mar. 2018.

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