NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF MICROCHANNEL HEAT SINK WITH MEPCM SUSPENSION WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF PCM
AbstractThe aim of this paper is to study the microencapsulated phase change materials (MEPCM) suspension as a coolant instead of pure fluid in the micro channel heat sink (MCHS) with different core and wall materials as well as different base fluids. The MEPCM suspension using in this study consist of microcapsules constructed from n-octadecane, RT44 as a phase change materials (PCM) and shell materials are poly-methylmthacrylate (PMMA), poly-alpha olefin (PAO), these capsules are suspended in (pure water, ethylene glycol and pure oil) in a concentration of (0â€“20)% and have been used as a cooling mediums at different ambient temperatures. Constant heat flux is applied at base of heat sink. The results obtain show that, using MEPCM suspensions as a coolant in micro heat sink instead of conventional cooling with pure fluid lead to enhance the cooling performance of micro heat sink is be 20.91% with (RT44+PMMA) pure oil, 16.91% with (RT44+PMMA) for ethyleneglycol and 12.91% with (RT44+PMMA) for pure water at concentration 2% and = 0.28 m/s. The phase change material in MEPCM suspension should be select according to its melting temperature corresponding to the certain application since different MEPCM suspension concentration caused different values of reduction in heat sink temperature in range of ambient temperature due to different in its melting temperatures
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