Trend of lung cancer in AL-Diwanyah teaching hospital (chest department)
Lung cancer is responsible for the most cancer deaths in both men and women throughout the world. Deaths from lung cancer (160,440 in 2004, according to the National
Cancer Institute) exceed the number of deaths from four other major cancers combined (breast, colon, pancreatic and prostate).
To assess the behavior and the approaches of lung cancer in a sample of Iraqi patients.
This descriptive retrospective study was performed using the records of 450 patients proved to have lung cancer that had attending the chest department in ALdiwanyah teaching hospital for the period from January,1st,2003 December,31st,2018.
The results of this study revealed that 70% of the patients were male, with a mean age of 63 years. The majority of the patients (96%) were smokers, the number of cases increases with the increase in the duration of smoking or the amount of daily cigarette smoking. ,that can be calculated into tow groups(more than 20 pack-year were 80% while less than 20 pack-year were 16%).
Lung cancer is an important and serious public health problem with an increasing in incidence and prevalence in Iraq; cough is the most common clinical finding, found in 60% of patients, followed by chest pain (22%); cigarette smoking is responsible for the at least 95% of its etiology. Sequamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of primary lung cancer in Iraq (44%) with prominence in male gender; adenocarcinoma is the second common type(30%). Key words: Lung cancer, Bronchogenic carcinoma,Tumor