Analysis of fiber optic Bronchoscope findings in Respiratory unit at Al_ Diwanyah teaching hospital in 2014-2015
Background: Fiber-Optic bronchoscopy is a diagnostic and
therapeutic tool for the management of the respiratory diseases with high safety profile
Aim of study: To analyse the findings of the fiberoptic bronchoscopies of the included patients in our study..
Patients and Methods:
A retrospective study was done to find out the demographic
profiles, bronchoscopic indication, findings , diagnosis and complications of the patients who underwent bronchoscopies examinations in the respiratory unit at Aldiwanyah teaching hospital in 2014 and 2015.
Amongst the 102 patients, commonest indication of bronchoscopy was radiological opacity found in 81.2% of patients, followed by unexplained cough 10% of patients. Most common clinical presentations of the patients was Cough (81.4%), followed by dyspnea (34.3%).
Out of 102 patients, 61 patients (59.8%) were males, 44 patients
were current smokers.
A 41 patients (40.2%) were females, 21 patients were current smokers.The patient's age range from 15 to 75 years, the mean age of males were 58.8 ± 10.6 and for females were 52 ± 15.4.The most common ﬁnding on bronchoscopy was abnormal mucosa found in about 55.9% of patients. Malignancy was seen in 46.1% cases, while Tuberculosis seen in 9.8%.
The sequamous cell carcinoma was the most histological type (44.7%) of patient diagnosed with cancer.
In the 102 patient the bronchoscopy done with neither death nor serious complications occurrence likes pneumothorax or cardiac arrest.
The most common complication was mild nasal bleeding during procedure in (24.51%).
Fiberoptic bronchoscopy is a useful diagnostic test for different lung pathologies with high safety profile regarding sever complications.