Study of Dangers Radioactive Indexes in Soil Selected From Archaeological Nippur ( Nepher ) City in Qadsiyah Governorate–Iraq
AbstractWas account dangers radioactive indexes for (25) a sample taken deeply (15-30) cm of soil Nippur (Nepher) City archaeological in qadsiyah governorate after it has been measuring the effectiveness of radiation radionuclide (thorium , uranium238U, potassium ) by the detector gamma rays from Type Sodium iodide Na (Tl) (3 "× 3") were ranges of each of the radium equivalent ranging from (42.710) to (65.263) and an average of (59.220) and activity concentration index ranged from (0.348) to (0.542) and an average of (0.490) and either Internal hazard index ranged from (0.141) to (0.206) and an average of (0.187) and external hazard index ranging from (0.115) to (0.176) and an average of (0.160) units Bq.Kg-1 respectively, either values absorbed dose in the air ranged from (22.208) to (34.346) and an average of ( 31.102) unit nGy / h, while the internal annual effective dose values were (0.654) to (1.011) and an average of (0.916) and annual effective dose was (0.163 ) to (0.253) and an average of (0.229) units mSv/y respectively. And the results were within the permissible limits and do not constitute a danger to humans (tourists and workers) in the region, as well as those who dwell near the area studied.
 Iqbal M., Tufail M. and Mirza S. ,(2000), "Measurement of Natural Radioactivity in Marble Found in Pakistan Using a Nal(Tl) Gamma-Ray Spectrometer ",Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol.(51), No.(2),PP:255-265.
 نول ، غلن فريدريك, ( (2006,"كشف وقياس الإشاعات" ، ترجمة مريم مختار عتيق ،دار الكتب الوطنية ، ليبيا .
 Gilmore G. and Heminngway J. , (1995) , “Practical gamma-ray spectrometry”, 1st Edition , John Wiley & Sons, New York.
 Majeed H.N., Hasan A.K. and Hamed H.J. , (2014) , " Measurement Natural Radioactivity in Soil Samples from Important historical locals in Alnajaf Alashraf city, Iraq", Journal of Advances in Chemistry, Vol.(8) , No.(1) , PP:1472-1478.
 Okeyode I.C. and Oluseye A. M. , (2010) ,"Studies of the Terrestrial outdoor Gamma Dose Rate Levels in Ogun-Osun River Basins Development Authority Headquarters, Abeokuta, Nigeria ", Journal of Physics International, Vol. 6,No. 1,PP.1-8.
 Vosniakos F., Zavalaris K. and Papaligas T., (2003), “Indoor concentration of natural radioactivity and the impact to human health”, Journal of Environ. Protect. Ecol., Vol. 4, No. 3, PP. 733-737 .
Beretka J. and Mathew P.J., (1985) ,“Natural radioactivity of Australian building materials, industrial wastes and by-products”, Journal of Health Physics, Vol. 4 No. 8, PP. 87-95 .
 Mirjana B. and Scepan S. , (2009), "Radioactivity of sand from several renowned public beaches and assessment of the corresponding environmental risks ",Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society,Vol.74,No.4,PP.461-470.
 Papadopoulos A., Christofides G., Koroneos A., Papadopoulou L., Papastefanou C. and Stoulos S. , (2013)," Natural radioactivity and radiation index of the major plutonic bodies in Greece", Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol. 12, No. 4,PP:227-238.
 Jose A., Jorge J., Cleomacio M., Sueldo V. and Romilton D. S., (2005) ,“Analysis of the K-40 levels in soil using gamma spectrometry”, Brazilian archives of biology and technology, Vol. 48, PP. 221-228.
United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, , (1993) ,“Sources and Effects of Ionizing Radiation”, Report to General Assembly, United Nations, New York.