Study of phenolic compound of some leaves of species of genus L.Jasminum growing in Iraq

  • Jawad Kadhim Ali


The current research has dealt with some species of genus Jasminum L. developing Iraq's chemical study it was identified and diagnosed some phenolic compounds and flavonoids for five species of genus which J.grandiflorum L.,J.officinale L.,J.mesnyi Hance,J.sambac(L.)Aitand J.multiflorum(N.L. Burman )Andrews. The existence of two speciess of important phenolic compounds study has shown a Oleuropein and Coumarins and four speciess of vehicles phlavonoids which Quercetin ,Kaempherol ,Leuteolin and Rutin in all species except speciesJ.grandiflorum It found that contains three compounds only and are the Coumarins of phenols and the Kaempherol and Rutin of flavonoids . It also said the current study, the presence of variations in the concentrations of these substances between species and significantly boosted important taxonomic for this study and take such as manuals taxonomic isolated and separated from each other as distinguish speciesJ.sambac possessing a lower concentration of the compound Oleuropein compared with other compounds found in this species compound. The record speciesJ.officinole highest concentration of three phenolic compounds which Oleuropein ,Quercetin and Rutin, boosting the case slops clearly from the rest of the species under study OPENING STATEMENTS: - Jasminum L., a chemical study, flavonoids, phenolic compounds


1. Al – Aroussi,H. and Weassfi ,W .(2007).Plant Kingdom.Modern Knowledege Library/Alexandria University :10 – 9.
2. Castellano,G.;Tena,J.and Torrns,F.(2012). Classification of phenolic compound by chemical structural indicators and its relation to antioxidant properties of posidouia Oceanica (L.)Delile.Match.Commun.MathcComput.Chem,; 67:231-250.
3. Huang, R.T; Lu, J.F.; inbaray, B.S. and Chen, B.H (2014). Determination of phenolic acid and Flavonoids in Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) kurz. By high-performance Liquid-chromatography with photodiode-array detection and taudem mass. Spectrometry. J. functional foods, 12:498-508.
4. Sosa,A.A.;Baji,S.H.; Hameed,I.H.(2016).Analysis of bioactive chemicalcompoundsof Euphorbia lathyrus using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. Vol.8(5).Journal of pharmacognosy and phytotherapy .pp.109-126.
5. Kadhim,M.J.;Sosa,A.A.;Hameed,I.H.(2016)Evaluation of Anti-bacterial activity and bioactive chmical analysis of Ocimum basilicumusing Fourier transform infrared(FT-IR) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques. and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques .Vol.8(6).Journal of pharmacognosy and phytotherapy .pp.127-146
6. Prajati, N. D. and Kumar, U. (2003). Agro’s Dictionary of Medicinal Plants Agrobios (India), 175-176
7. Upaganlawar, A. B.; Bhagat, A.; Tenpe, C. R. and Yeole, P. G. (2009). Effect of Jasminum Sambac leaves extracts on serum glucose and lipid profile rats treated with alloxan. Pharmacologyonline, 1-6.
8. Sanchez, F. C.; Santiago, D. and Khe, C. P. (2010). Production management practices of jasmine (Jasminum sambac L. Aiton) in the Philippines. J. ISSAAS.; 16 (2): 126 -36.
9. Inagaki, J.; Watanabe, N.; Moon, J. H.; Yagi, A.; Sakata, K.; Ina, K. and Luo, S. (1995). Glycosidic aroma precursors of 2-phenylethyl and benzyl alcohols from Jasminum sambac flowers. Biosciscience, Biotech & Biochemistry; 59 (4): 738-739.
10. Liu, H.; Ni, W.; Yuan, M. andChen, C. (2004). Chemical constituentsof Jasminum sambac. Yunnan Zhiwu Yanjiu; 26 (6): 687-690.
11. Sandeep, A. and Paarakh, P. (2009). Jasminumgrandiflorum Linn (Chameli): Ethnobotany,Phytochemistry and Pharmacology-Areview. Pharmacologyonline, 2: 586-95.
12. Al – Rawi,A.and Chakravarty,H.L.(1964).Medicinal Plant of Iraq.2ed.Baghdad: 55pp
13. Chakravarty, H. L. (1976). Plant Wealth of Iraq. Vol. 1. Baghdad Botany Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform, Iraq, PP: 505.
14. Zhang, Y. and Yi, M. (2006). Studies onChemical constituents of Jasminum sambacroot, Jiefangjun Yaoxue Xuebao, 22 (4):279-81.
15. Satyal, N.; Pandel, P.; Lamichhane, B. andSetzer, W. N. (2012). Volatile constituent and biological activities of the leaf essential oil of Jasminum mesyni growing in Nepal. Journal of chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 4(1):437 – 439.
16. Sabharwal,S.;Sudan,S.;Ranjan,V.(2013).Jasminum sambacL.(motia);Areview. Internatioal Journal of Pharmacetical Research and Bio-Science .Vol.2(5);108-130.
17. Calderon-Montaño, J. M. (2011). A review on the dietary flavonoid kaempferol. Mini. Rev. Med. Chem., 11 (4): 298-344.
18. Charrouf, Z. and Guillaume, D. (2007). Phenols and Polyphenols from Argania spinosa. American Journal of Food Technology, 2: 679-683.
19. Prossnitz, E. R. and Barton, M. (2014). Estrogen biology new insights into GPER function and clinical opportunities. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 389 (1-2): 71–83.
20. Andreadou, I.; Sigala, F.; Iliodromitis, E.; Papaefthimiou, M.; Sigalas, C.; Aligiannis, N.; Savvari, P.; Gorgoulis, V.; Papalabros, E. and Kremastinos, D. (2007). Acute doxorubicin cardiotoxicity is successfully treated with the phytochemical oleuropein through suppression of oxidative and nitrosative stress. J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol, 42:549–558.
21. Andreadou, I.; Iliodromitis, E.; Mikros, E.; Constantinou, M.; Agalias, A.; Magiatis, P.; Skaltsounis, A.; Kamber, E.; Tsantili-Kakoulidou, A. and Kremastinos, D. (2006). The olive constituent oleuropein exhibits anti-ischemic, antioxidative, and hypolipidemic effects in anesthetized rabbits. J. Nutr., 136:2213–2219.
22. Haris, O. S. (2010). Oleuropein in Olive and its Pharmacological Effects. Scientia Pharmaceutica, 78 (2): 133–54.
23. Vogel, A. (1820). De l'existence de l'acide bezoïque dans la feve de tonka et dans les fleurs de mélilot On the existence of benzoic acid in the tonka bean and in the flowers of melilot. Journal de Pharmacie, 6 305- 307.
24. Perkin, W. H. (1868). On the artificial production of coumarin and formation of its homologues". Journal of the Chemical Society, 21: 53–63.
25. Hatano, T. (1991). Phenolic constituents of licorice. IV. Correlation of phenolic constituents and licorice specimens from various sources, and inhibitory effects of PubMed - NCBI. Yakugaku Zasshi, 111: 311–21.
26. Lino, C. S.; Taveira, M. L.; Viana, G. S. B. and Matos, F. J. A. (1997). Analgesic and antiinflammatory activities of Justicia pectoralis Jacq and its main constituents: coumarin and umbelliferone". Phytotherapy Research, 11 (3): 211–215.
27. Bun, S .S.; Giacometti, S.; Fanciullino, R.; Ciccolini, J.; Bun, H. and Aubert, C. (2005). Effect of several compounds on biliary excretion of paclitaxel and its metabolites in guinea-pigs. Anti-Cancer Drugs, 16 (6): 675–82.
28. Formica, J. V. and Regelson, W. (1995). Review of the biology of Quercetin and related bioflavonoids". Food and Chemical Toxicology, 33 (12): 1061–80.
29. Ades, T. B. (2009). Quercetin. American Cancer Society Complete Guide to Complementary and Alternative Cancer Therapies (2nd ed.) (American Cancer Society).
30. Hilliard, J. J.; Krause, H. M.; Bernstein, J. I.; Fernandez, J. A.; Nguyen, V.; Ohemeng, K. A. and Barrett, J. F. (1995). A comparison of active site binding of 4-quinolones and novel flavone gyrase inhibitors to DNA gyrase". Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 390: 59–69.
31. Bun, S. S.; Ciccolini, J.; Bun, H.; Aubert, C. and Catalin, J. (2003). Drug interactions of paclitaxel metabolism in human liver microsomes". Journal of Chemotherapy, 15 (3): 266-74.
32. Liu, R. H. (2013). Health-promoting components of fruits and vegetables in the diet. Adv Nutr., 4 (3): 384S-92S.
33. Kim, S. H. and Choi, K. C. (2013). Anti-cancer Effect and Underlying Mechanism(s) of Kaempferol, a Phytoestrogen, on the Regulation of Apoptosis in Diverse Cancer Cell Models. Toxicol Res., 29 (4): 229-234.
34. Chen, S. S.; Michael A.; Butler-Manuel S. A. (2012). Advances in the Treatment of Ovarian Cancer: A Potential Role of Antiinflammatory Phytochemicals. Discov Med., 13 (68): 7-17.
35. Anwar, F.; Latif, S.; Ashraf, M.; Gilani, A. H. (2007). Moringa oleifera: a food plant with multiple medicinal uses.". Phytother Res., 21 (1): 17-25.
36. Jaganathan, S. K. and Mandal, M. (2009). Antiproliferative Effects of Honey and of its Polyphenols: A Review. J Biomed Biotechnol, 83-616.
37. Aiyer, H. S.; Warri, A. M.; Woode, D. R.; Hilakivi-Clarke, L. and Clarke, R. (2012). Influence of Berry-Polyphenols on Receptor Signaling and Cell-Death Pathways: Implications for Breast Cancer Prevention. J. Agric. Food Chem., 60 (23): 5693-708.
38. Kayoko, S.; Hisae, O.; Michiyo, F.; Toshinao, G.; Sachiko, T.; Masayuki, S.; Yukihiko, H.; Hiroyo, Y. and Naohide, K. (1998). Intestinal absorption of luteolin and luteolin 7-O-[beta]-glucoside in rats and humans. FEBS Letters, 438 (3): 220–4.
39. Ulubelen, A.; Miski, M.; Neuman, P. and Mabry, T. J. (1979). Flavonoids of Salviatomentosa (Labiatae). Journal of Natural Products, 42 (4): 261–3.
40. López-Lázaro, M. (2009). Distribution and biological activities of the flavonoid luteolin. Mini Rev Med Chem, 9 (1): 31–59.
41. Kreft, S.; Štrukelj, B.; Gaberščik, A. and Kreft, I. (2002). Rutin in buckwheat herbs grown at different UV-B radiation levels: comparison of two UV spectrophotometric and an HPLC method. Journal of Experimental Botany, 53, 375:1801-1804.
42. Malagutti, A. R.; Zuin, V.; Cavalheiro, É. and Mazo, L. (2006). Determination of Rutin in Green Tea Infusions Using Square‐Wave Voltammetry with a Rigid Carbon‐Polyurethane Composite Electrode". Electroanalysis, 18 (10): 1028–1034.
43. Watt, A. and Johan, C. (2001). Purification and identification of active antibacterial components in Carpobrotusedulis L. Elmarie van der, Pretorius, Journal of Ethno pharmacology, 76(1): 87-91.