Study the effect of smoking, sex and age factor in the speed of blood clots

  • Leila Jassem Shaabth Technical Institute / Samawa

Abstract

The study Conducted, for the purpose of verification of the effect of smoking, sex and age groups, the blood to clot, and the study was conducted in the cardiology center in the city of Nasiriyah for the period from January 2 to March 1 of the year 2016. The study included taking (100) blood sample from the auditors of the Center for Patients heart disease in the city of Nasiriyah was taking information from patients according to information prepared by researchers form.
Results of the study showed that the overall infection rate of the total sample is 64 % (64 references) rapidly infected blood clotting, and the percentage of reviewers is rapidly infected blood clotting is 36 % (36 references). And results of the study showed the effect of some factors on the speed of blood clotting, and most important of these factors are smoking worker as she was quickly blood clotting smokers with ratio is 59.38 % (38 references), while non-smokers with blood clotting were quickly accounted for 40.62% ie (26 references).
As well as the results of the study showed the effect of sex workers in the incidence of blood clotting quickly as was the proportion of infected males speeds blood clotting is higher than the proportion of females amounted to 62.5% (40 references) while she was quickly blood clotting female-positive rate of 37.5 % (24 review ). The results also showed a lack of effect of the age factor in the speed of blood clotting, with two age groups were taken first category is less than 40 years and the second category is the largest of the 40 years they were the proportion of people in the second category 56.25% (36 references) or age group first it was infected with the proportion of 43.75 % (28 references). And 34.38 % (22 references) of the injured fast blood clotting have been subjected beforehand to a bloody and 65.62 % (42 strokes references) have not been exposed to blood clot in advance. It results above show that the blood clotting speed is affected by a factor of smoking and worker sex (where it was found that the percentage of male cases higher than females almost twice), and did not factor of aging with a clear impact on the incidence of speeds blood clotting, and the results also showed that people quickly blood clots are more likely to develop blood clots.

References

1 - Alberts, Bruce (2012). "Table 22-1 Blood Cells". Molecular Biology of the Cell. NCBI Bookshelf. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
2 - Elert A B, Glenn and his students (2012). "Volume of Blood in a Human". The Physics Factbook.
3 - Medical Encyclopedia: RBC count". Medline Plus. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
4 - Robert B. Tallitsch; Martini, Frederic; Timmons, Michael J. (2006). Human anatomy (5th ed.). San Francisco: Pearson/Benjamin Cummings. p. 529. ISBN 0-8053-7211-3.
5 -Acid-Base Regulation and Disorders at Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy Professional Editionhttp://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/blood
6- Greenberg C., C. Miraglia, F. Rickels, and M. Shuman, “Cleavage of blood coagulation factor xiii and fibrinogen by thrombin during in vitro clotting,” The Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 75, pp. 1463–1470, May 1985.

7- MakinJ., “A computational model of human blood clotting,” International Computer Science Institute, 1947 Center Street; Berkeley, CA; 94703, Tech. Rep.,Dec.2008.[Online].Available:http://www.icsi.berkeley.edu/pubs/techreports/tr-08-009.pdf
8- Heit JA, Melton LJ III, Lohse CM, Petterson TM, Silverstein MD, Mohr DN, O’Fallon WM. Incidence of venous thromboembolism in hospitalizedpatientsvs community residents. Mayo ClinProc2001;76:1102–1110.
9 - Dominguez de Villota ED, Ruiz Carmona MT, Rubio JJ, de Andrés S; Ruiz Carmona; Rubio; De Andrés (December 1981). "Equality of the in vivo and in vitro oxygen-binding capacity of haemoglobin in patients with severe respiratory disease". Br J Anaesth 53 (12): 1325–8. doi:10.1093/bja/53.12.1325. PMID 7317251
10 - Conlan MG, Folsom AR, Finch A, Davis CE, Sorlie P, Wu KK. Correlation of plasma protein C levels with cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged adults: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. ThrombHaemost. 1993;70:762–767.
Archived from the original on 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2012-11-01
11- Harvey, William (1628). "ExercitatioAnatomica de MotuCordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus" (in Latin).
12 - Waugh, Anne; Grant, Allison (2007). "2". Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness (Tenth ed.). Churchill Livingstone Elsevier. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-443-10102-1.
13 - Williams, Peter W.; Gray, Henry David (1989). Gray's anatomy (37th ed.). New York: C. Livingstone. ISBN 0-443-02588-6.
14- Shmukler, Michael (2004). "Density of Blood". The Physics Factbook. Retrieved 4 October 2006.
15- Romer, Alfred Sherwood; Parsons, Thomas S. (1977). The Vertebrate Body. Philadelphia, PA: Holt-Saunders International. pp. 404–406. ISBN 0-03-910284-X.
Published
2018-02-08
How to Cite
JASSEM SHAABTH, Leila. Study the effect of smoking, sex and age factor in the speed of blood clots. Al-Qadisiyah Journal Of Pure Science, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 3, p. 543 -552, feb. 2018. ISSN 2411-3514. Available at: <http://qu.edu.iq/journalsc/index.php/JOPS/article/view/620>. Date accessed: 12 dec. 2018.
Section
Articles