- Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah Journal for Administrative and Economic Sciences
- Available in: PDF
- DOI: 10.33961/22.1.2020/26-35
- Published: May 19, 2021
Measuring the pattern of household consumer expenditure in Iraq
using Engel functions
Kareem Salim Hussein Nahd Farooq Safar
College of Administration and Economics, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq.
|Corresponding Author: Nahd Farooq Safar|
|Abstract : The study aims to analyze the reality of household spending on the main commodity groups and how the
distribution of individual spending on these groups and estimate the elasticity of spending demand and the marginal
tendency of consumption to identify the nature of consumption patterns and saturation levels by sectors of the main
commodity groups. The method of quantitative analytical analysis was based on cross-sectional data for the Iraq
poverty monitoring and evaluation survey for 2017 using Engel function.
The food group ranked first in the average total expenditure per capita (32.4%) ،followed by the housing ،fuel and
energy group (24%) ،then the transport group ،which ranked third (12.1%). On the other hand ،other commodity
groups are classified as luxury and semi-luxury according to their spending elasticity ،with the consumption pattern
consistent with the three commodity and service groups (food ،housing and transport) between 2007 and 2017.
Accordingly ،the Iraqi consumer with low and below average saturation in most of the major commodity and service
groups as evidence of the high values of spending elasticity of demand ،where they were greater than the correct one.