Effect the size of follicles and season on levels of some biochemical parameters in follicular fluid of Iraqi female one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius)

  • Samer Nadhim Abed Department of Surgery and Obstetrics/ College of Veterinary Medicine / University of Baghdad, Iraq
  • Najlaa Sami Ibrahim Department of Surgery and Obstetrics/ College of Veterinary Medicine / University of Baghdad, Iraq

Abstract

The aimed of the current research to compare a biochemical constituent in ovarian follicular fluids of Iraqi one-humped she-camels (Camelus dromedarius) during the autumn, winter and spring in different follicles size of the ovaries. Classified in to, follicles sized 2-5 mm considered as small follicles (SF), 5–9 mm considered as medium follicles (MF) and 10–19 mm considered as large follicles (LF) were harvested from 107 adult female camels from the slaughterhouse. A Study was conducted during the period from 1/10/2016 to 1/7/2017. Results showed that there was decreased significantly (P<0.05) in total protein in (LF) in spring and in (SF) in autumn when comparative with other seasons, also decreased in (SF) on spring while increased significantly (P<0.05) in (SF) on winter when comparative with other follicles size. Cholesterol increased significantly (P<0.01) in (SF) on spring and in (LF) on winter, while decreased in (MF) on autumn when comparative with other seasons, also increased in (SF) on spring and in (LF) on winter when comparative with other follicles size. Glucose increased significantly (P<0.05) in (SF) and in (MF) but decreased in (LF) on winter when comparative with other seasons, while increased significantly (P<0.05) in (SF) on winter, also increased in (LF) on autumn when comparative with another size of follicles. Results showed that there were significant differences (P<0.01) and (P˂0.05), in total protein, cholesterol, and glucose in different size follicles and in different seasons (autumn, winter, and spring) of a study.

References

1-Tibary A, Anouassi A. Abu-Dhabi Printing and Publishing Company, Mina, Abu Dhabi, UAE. (1997); Theriogenology of Camelidae.
2-Gerard N, Loiseau S, Duchamp G, Seguin F. Analysis of the variations of follicular fluid composition during follicular growth and maturation in the mare using proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR). Reprod. (2002); 124: 241-248.
3-Gosden G R, Hunter H F, Telfer E, Torrance C, Brown N. Physiological factors underlying the formation of ovarian follicular fluid. J. Reprod. Fertil., (1988); 82:813-825.
4-Fortune JE, Rivera GM, Yang MY. Follicular development: the role of the follicular microenvironment in selection of the dominant follicle. Anim. Reprod. Sci., (2004); 82/83:109-126.
5-Steel RGD, Torrie JH. Principles and procedures of statistics, a biometrical approach. 4th Ed., McGraw Hill Book Co., (1986); New York, USA.
6-Yadav SB, Bissa UK. Factors affecting some blood constituents in Camels. A review. Proceedings of the Third Annual Meeting for Animal Production under Arid Conditions, (1998); 2: 32-48.
6-Ali, S, Ahmad N, Akhtar N, Rahman Z, Noakes DE. Metabolite contents of blood serum and fluid from small and large sized follicles in dromedary camels during the peak and the low breeding seasons. Anim. Reprod. Sci., (2008); 108, 446–456.
7-Rahman ZU, Bukhari SA, Ahmad N, Akhtar N, Ijaz A, Yousaf MS, Haq IU. Dynamics of follicular fluid in one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius). Reprod. Domest. Anim., (2008); 43:664-671.
8-Leroy JLMR, Vanholder T, Delanghe JR, Opsomer G, Vansoom A, Bols PEJ, Dekruif A. Metabolite and ionic composition of follicular fluid from different sized follicles and their relationship to serum concentrations in dairy cows. Anim. Reprod. Sci., (2004); 80(3-4):201- 211.
9-Ghoneim IM, Waheed MM, El-Bahr SM, Alhaider AK, Al-Eknah MM. Comparison of some biochemical and hormonal constituents of oversized follicles and preovulatory follicles in camels (Camelus dromedarius). Theriogenol. (2013); 79 -647–652.
10-Collins A, Palmer E, Jacqueline B, Jean B, Duchamp G, Buckley T. A comparison of the biochemical composition of equine follicular fluid and serum at four different stages of the follicular cycle. Equine Vet. J. (1997); 25, 12–16.
11-Williams SA, Blache D, Martin GB, Foot R, Blackberry MA, Scaramuzzi RJ. Effect of nutritional supplementation on quantities of glucose transporters 1 and 4 in sheep granulose and theca cells. Reprod. (2001); 122, 947–956.
12-Munoz-Gutierrez M, Blache D, Martin GB, Scaramuzzi RJ. Ovarian follicular expression of mRNA encoding the type 1 insulinlike growth factor receptor (IGF-1R) and insulin like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP2) in anoestrous sheep after 5 days of glucose, glucosamine or supplementary feeding with lupin grain. Reprod. (2004); 128, 747–756.
13-El-Shahat KH, Abo-El Maaty AM, Moawad AR. Follicular fluid composition in relation to follicular size in pregnant and non-pregnant dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius). Anim. Reprod. Sci., (2013); 10, 16–23.
14-Gode F, Gulekli B, Dogan E, Korhan P, Dogan S, Bige O, Cimrin D, Atabey N. Influence of follicular fluid GDF9 and BMP15 on embryo quality. Fertil. Steril. (2011); 95, 2274-2278.
Published
2017-12-30