Surgical treatment of hernia in cattle: A review

  • Rafid H. Farman Department of surgery and obstetrics College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq
  • Saad Hashim Al-Husseiny Department of Internal Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq.
  • Ali Nair Abd Al- Ameer Private sector, Iraq


This study aimed to highlight on hernial types that affect animals especially in cattle, the ways of diagnosis and treatment by using different techniques, which way is more suitable either the highlight on advantage and disadvantage of these techniques. There are many types of a hernia may happen in cattle's but the most frequently noted in cattle was a ventral and umbilical hernia. The researches confirmed that an umbilical hernia usually accrued in calves due to failure to close of the umbilical cord, while a ventral hernia is usually present in cattle due to trauma, heavyweight. A hernia was easy to diagnoses by case history, inspection and palpation. There are several techniques to treat a hernia, surgical or non-surgical depending on the size and the type of a hernia. In case of surgical techniques, there are a two-type open and closed surgical operation. The recent searches commend that in case of a simple and small hernia in size they treat by suturing the edges of a ring by absorbable suture (Hernioraphy), but in case of a large hernia must be used mesh to support the muscle in technique named (Hernioplasty). Mesh may cause irritation in its site, cause post-operative pain, and delay the time of healing so the recent searches to make a solution to this problems mesh must be covert by special material to make a barrier between it and muscle and lubricated a site hernia.


1-Sutradhar BC, Hossain MF, Das BC, Kim G, Hossain MA. Comparison Between Open And Closed Methods Of Hernioraphy In Calves Affected With Umbilical Hernia. J Vet Sci.; (2009); 10(4): 343–347.
2-Amresh K. Surgery of Abdomen and Organs of Digestive System. In Veterinary Surgical Technique. Ch. (2009); 14.P.P 310-312.
3-Singh BA, Preethi KhO, Devi AK, Gangwar NK, Katiyar SS, Kale G, Patel H, Singh N.Ventral Abdominal Hernioplasty Using Nylon Mesh In A Cow. Indian Vet. J., (2014); 91 (11): 93 – 94.
4-Kumar V, Kumar N, Gangwar AK, Saxena AC. Using A Cellular Aortic Matrix To Repair Umbilical Hernias Of Calves. Aust Vet J. (2013); 91(6):251-253.
5-Salim MD, Abul Hashim M, Juyena NS, Arafat YA, Dey RK, Bag A, Islam MS. Prevalence of Hernia And Evaluation Of Herniorrhaphy In Calves. International Journal of Natural and Social Sciences, (2015); 2(4): 35-43.
6-Demirkiran AE, Ozgun H, Balkaya M, Cevikel H, Culhaci N, Gurel M. Strangulated ventral hernia model in rats. J. Investigative Surg., (2003); 16(2): 93-97.
7-Whitfield-Cargile CM, Rakestraw PC, Hardy JN, Cohen D, Davis BE. Comparison of Primary Closure Of Incisional Hernias In Horses With And Without The Use Of Prosthetic Mesh Support. Equine Veterinary Journal, (2011); 43 (39) 69-75.
8-Kealy KJ, Mcallistor H, Graham JP. The Abdomen. In Diagnostic Radiology and Ultrasonography of the Dog and Cat. Ch. (2011); 2 PP: 167-168.
9-Roberts SJ. Disease and Accident of the Gestation Period. In Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Disease. (Theriogenology). Ch. (2004); 7, P.P:184 -185.
10-Westmore T. The Ins And Outs of Umbilical Hernias. Dairy News. Vol. (2014); 14, 10.
11-Osman D, Mustafa G, Nurullah B, Ziya C, Erhan A, Cemalettin C. Comparison of Kugel and Lichtenstein operation for inguinal hernia repair: Results of prospective randomized study. World J. Surg., (2006); 30(3): 346-350.
12-Roberts SJ. Scrotal hernia in rams: A case report. Cornell. Vet. J., (1988); 78(4): 351-352.
13-Abdin–bey MR, Ramadan RO. Retrospective study of hernias in goats. Scient. J. King Faisal. Univ., (2001); 2(1): 77-88
14-Bower CE, Read CC, Kriby LW, Roth JS. Complications of laparoscopic incisional-ventral hernia repair. Surg. Endosc. (2004); 18(4): 672-675.
15-Yahchouchy E, Aura T, Picone O, Etienne J, Fingerhut A. Incisional hernias and related risk factors. Digestive Surg., (2003); 20 (1): 3-9
16-Klinge U, Joachim C, Carsten J, Volker S. Incisional hernia: Open techniques. World J. Surg., (2005); 29 (8):1066-1072.
17-Padilla RL, Martinez MA, Quijano OF, Valerio UJ. Tension-Free perineal hernioplasty. Hernia, (1999); 3 (4): 221-223.
18-Shridhar NB. Perineal Hernia in a Crossbred Cow and Its Surgical Management. Indian J. Anim. Res., (2011); 45 (1): 73–74.
19-Lund EP, Bergenfeldt M, Burcharth F. Traumatic abdominal hernia caused by cough, presenting with intestinal obstruction. Hernia, (2004); 8 (4): 399-401.
20-Muggli E, Lesser M, Braun U, Nuss K. Herniation Of The Gravid Uterus Through A Mesoduodenal Defect And Concurrent Omental Hernia In A Cow. Veterinary Surgery (2014); 43: 91–94.
21-Kumar1 A, Mohindroo J, Sangwan V, Mahajan S, Singh K, Anand A, Saini NS. Ultrasonographic Evaluation of Massive Abdominal Wall Swellings in Cattle and Buffaloes. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, (2014); 38: 100-103.
22-De Schutter P, Maes L, Pardon B, Deprez P. Diaphragmatic Herniation As A Rare Cause Of Anterior Functional Stenosis In Cattle. Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift, (2011); 80 Permanente Vorming 69.
23-Abdelaal A, Shaimaa G, Ismail A, Gomaa M. Reticular Diaphragmatic Hernia in Egyptian Buffaloes: Clinical, Hemato-Biochemical and Ultrasonographic Findings. Pak Vet J, (2014); 34(4): 541-544.
24-Misk TN. Thoracocentesis for Diagnosis of Traumatic Pericarditis and Diaphragmatic Hernia in Cattle and Buffaloes. Assiut Vet. Med. J. (2015); 61(145): 70-74.
25-Sabev SP, Kanakov DT. Diaphragmatic Hernia in a Horse - A Case Report. Veterinarski Arhiv, (2009); 79 (1), 97-103.
26-Hendrickson DA, Suzanne ET. Large Animal Inguinal Hernia Repair. In Veterinary Laparoscopic Surgery. Ch. (2005); 7, PP: 237-240.
27-Sarker NC, Hashim MA, Ray BP. Effect of Sedative Techniques on Physiological Parameters of Calves at (Minor Surgical Procedures) L or Hernioraphy. The Journal Of Agricultural Sciences, (2012); 7 (2) 66-75.
28-Pascual G, Rodríguez M, Pérez-Köhler B, Mesa-Ciller C, Fernández-Gutiérrez M, San Román J, Bellón JM. Host Tissue Response by the Expression of Collagen to Cyanoacrylate Adhesives Used In Implant Fixation for Abdominal Hernia Repair. J Mater Sci Mater Med. (2017); 28(4):58.
29-Nevler A, Gutman M, Lebedyev A. Assessment of Gel-Coated Delayed Self-Gripping Mesh. JSLS. ; (2014); 18(4).
30-Cornwell KG, Zhang F, Lineaweaver W. Bovine Fetal Collagen Reinforcement in a Small Animal Model of Hernia with Component Repair. J Surg Res. Apr; (2016); 201(2):416-424.
31-Morresey PR (2014). Umbilical Problems. AAEP Focus On The First Year Of Life Proceedings.
32-Kimeli P, Kipyegon AN, Mwangi WE, Mogoa EGM, Karanja DN. Diffuse Peritonitis Associated With Ventral Hernia In An Adult Doe: Case Report. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. (2014); 7 (1) 53-55.
33-Bittner R, Bingener-Casey J, Dietz U, Fabian M, Ferzli G, Fortelny R, Ko¨Ckerling F, Kukleta J, Leblanc K, Lomanto D, Misra M, Morales-Conde S, Ramshaw B, Reinpold W, Rim S, Rohr M, Schrittwieser R, Simon Th, Smietanski M, Stechemesser B, Timoney M, Chowbey P. Guidelines For Laparoscopic Treatment Of Ventral And Incisional Abdominal Wall Hernias (International Endohernia Society (IEHS). Surg Endosc (2014); 28:380-404.
34-Gurrado A, Franco IF, Lissidini G, Greco G, De Fazio M, Pasculli A, Girardi A, Piccinni G, Memeo V, Testini M. Impact Of Pericardium Bovine Patch (Tutomesh(®)) On Incisional Hernia Treatment In Contaminated Or Potentially Contaminated Fields: Retrospective Comparative Study. Hernia. (2015); 19(2):259-66.
35-Mendoza FJ, Perez-Ecija A, Estepa JC. Inguinal-Scrotal Herniation and Torsion Of The Large Colon In An Adult Andalusian Stallion: A Case Report. Veterinarni Medicina, (2010); (6): 281-284.
36-Salciccia A, Rebière De Pouyade G, Ponthier J, Cerri S, Parrilla-Hernandez S, Grulke S. Use Of An Automatic Stapling Device During Castration To Prevent (Re)Occurrence Of Inguinal Hernia In Horses With Large Vaginal Rings. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2014); (34): 99 -100.
37-Ewoldt JM. Surgery of the scrotum. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim. Pract. (2008); 24(2):253-266.
38-Al-Sobayil FA, Ahmed AF. Surgical treatment for different forms of hernias in sheep and goats. J. Vet. Sci. (2007); 8(2): 185-191.
39-Radišić B, Capak D, Matičić D, Harapin I, Kos J, Babić T, Nedeljković G Surgical Treatment Of A Unilateral Scrotal Hernia In A Ram- A Case Report. Veterinarski Arhiv (2010); 80 (1) 145-154.

Most read articles by the same author(s)