Surgical treatment of hernia in cattle: A review
This study aimed to highlight on hernial types that affect animals especially in cattle, the ways of diagnosis and treatment by using different techniques, which way is more suitable either the highlight on advantage and disadvantage of these techniques. There are many types of a hernia may happen in cattle's but the most frequently noted in cattle was a ventral and umbilical hernia. The researches confirmed that an umbilical hernia usually accrued in calves due to failure to close of the umbilical cord, while a ventral hernia is usually present in cattle due to trauma, heavyweight. A hernia was easy to diagnoses by case history, inspection and palpation. There are several techniques to treat a hernia, surgical or non-surgical depending on the size and the type of a hernia. In case of surgical techniques, there are a two-type open and closed surgical operation. The recent searches commend that in case of a simple and small hernia in size they treat by suturing the edges of a ring by absorbable suture (Hernioraphy), but in case of a large hernia must be used mesh to support the muscle in technique named (Hernioplasty). Mesh may cause irritation in its site, cause post-operative pain, and delay the time of healing so the recent searches to make a solution to this problems mesh must be covert by special material to make a barrier between it and muscle and lubricated a site hernia.
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