Aflatoxins B1 and M1 residues in chicken's livers in Al Diwaniyah city

  • Mohammed A Molaghi College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq.
  • Kareem N Taher College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq.
  • Falah H Abd- Allatif College of agriculture, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq

Abstract

In this study, (60) samples of local and imported chicken liver were collected with (30) samples of each type from markets of Al Diwaniyah city. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) technique used to detect the amount and type of aflatoxin residues. The results of the local chicken liver test showed that B1 and M1 residues was observed in (17) samples of (30) samples tested (56.7%) and (13) (43.3%).Total of the two toxins was between (1.9 - 72.2) ppb at the rate of (21.15) ppb, and (5) samples (29.41%) of the local chicken liver is not suitable for human consumption to overcome the toxins in the alfatoxins where the limits allowed in human food. The results of the imported chicken liver examination showed that (15) samples of B1 and M1 were infected (30) samples (50%). The range of toxin amount of the total of the two types of toxins ranged between (0.5 - 52.2) ppb at rateĀ  (16.71) ppb, and the amount of toxins in (5) samples of the allowed limits, and the local chicken liver more contain the foals of aflatoxins chicken liver, but there were no significant differences between the two types.

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Published
2018-12-30