Aflatoxins B1 and M1 residues in chicken's livers in Al Diwaniyah city
In this study, (60) samples of local and imported chicken liver were collected with (30) samples of each type from markets of Al Diwaniyah city. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) technique used to detect the amount and type of aflatoxin residues. The results of the local chicken liver test showed that B1 and M1 residues was observed in (17) samples of (30) samples tested (56.7%) and (13) (43.3%).Total of the two toxins was between (1.9 - 72.2) ppb at the rate of (21.15) ppb, and (5) samples (29.41%) of the local chicken liver is not suitable for human consumption to overcome the toxins in the alfatoxins where the limits allowed in human food. The results of the imported chicken liver examination showed that (15) samples of B1 and M1 were infected (30) samples (50%). The range of toxin amount of the total of the two types of toxins ranged between (0.5 - 52.2) ppb at rate (16.71) ppb, and the amount of toxins in (5) samples of the allowed limits, and the local chicken liver more contain the foals of aflatoxins chicken liver, but there were no significant differences between the two types.
2-Whitlow LW, Hagler JRWM, Hopkins BA. Mycotoxin occurrence in farmer submitted samples of North Carolina feedstuffs: 1989-1997. J. Dairy Sci. (1998); 81:1189 (Abstract).
3-Bhatnagar D, Ehrlich KC, Cleveland TE. Molecular genetic analysis and regulation of aflatoxins. Appl. Microbiol. Biotech. (2003); 61:83-93.
4-CAST (Council for Agricultural Science and Technology) (2003). Mycotoxins: Risks in Plant, Animal, and Human Systems. Task Force Report No.139 .Ames, Iowa, USA D.C.
5-Wood GE. Mycotoxins in feeds and food in the United States. Anim. Sci. (1992); 70:3941-3949.
6-Williams JH, Phillips TD, Jolly PE, Stiles JK, Jolly CM, Aggarwal D. Human aflatoxicosis in developing countries: a review of toxicology, exposure potential health sequences and interventions. Am. J. Clin Nut. (2004); 80:1106-1122.
7-Stroka J, Anklam E, Jorissen U, Glibert J. Immunoaffinity column clean up with liquid chromatography using postcolumn bromination for determination at aflatoxin in peanut butter, pistach paste, figpaste and paprika powder. Collaborative study. J.A.O.A.C. Int. J. (2000); 83:320-340.
8-SPSS. Base 10.0.Users Guide (1999). USA. SPSS. INC.
9-Naaom RAF. Estimation quantity of aflatoxin in some livers of local and imported ruminants and poultry in Mosul. Msc. Thesis. College of Veterinary Medicine.
10-Al-Sadi HI, Shareef AM, Al-Attar MY. Outbreaks of aflatoxicosis in broilers, Iraqi J.Vet.Sci. (2000)13:93-106.
11-Kalantari H, Zandmoqadam A, Abdolahi Lorestani S (2000). Determination of aflatoxins B1 and M1 in chicken liver by HPLC. Report from school of pharmacy. Ahwaz University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran.
12-Mani K, Sundaresan K, Viswanathan K. Effects of dietary aflatoxin B1 on the blood constituents in commercial broilers. Indian Vet. J., (2000); 77:993-995.
13-Marvan F, Vernerova E, Samek M, Reisnervov H, Nemec J, Martakova R. Aflatoxin B1 residues in the organs of young poultry. Boil. Chem. Vet. (1983); 24:85-92.
14-Micco, C.; Miraglia, M.; Onori, R.B.; Brera, C.; Mantovani, A.; Ioppolo, L. and Stasollo, D. (1988). Long-term administration of low doses of mycotoxins to poultry. Residues of aflatoxin B1 and its metabolites in broilers and laying hens. Food Addit. Contam. 5:303-308.
Copyright (c) 2018 Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright: All manuscripts published by Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences are under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. This permits anyone to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited. Copyright on any open access article published by Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences is retained by the author(s).
Note: The journal is not allow any scientific misconduct in any published research article. Any article exceeds the permissible ratio of plagiarism is rejected. However, as a publisher will follow strict scientific guidelines and advice to retract or erratum of any article at any time if found scientific misconduct or errors in any articles. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.