Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences http://qu.edu.iq/jouagr/index.php/QJAS <h5 style="text-align: justify;">Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences (QJAS) is being published by college of Agriculture 2011 . The journal reports original research findings of local and foreign scientists working in various research disciplines of agriculture and its allied sectors like livestock, fisheries, forestry ,the science of cultivating the soil, biology and fertility of soils, and harvesting crops , etc.</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences (QJAS) is being published by college of Agriculture 2011 . The journal reports original research findings of local and foreign scientists working in various research disciplines of agriculture and its allied sectors like livestock, fisheries, forestry ,the science of cultivating the soil, biology and fertility of soils, and harvesting crops , etc.</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">Reviews on important disciplines of agricultural research&nbsp; and was launched online during 2017 with free open access journal to users. All the content is regularly peer reviewed before publication whereas the index is checked through anti-plagiarism software 'Turnitin'. It is also being indexed in national and international databases/resources .</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">From 2017, all papers submitted to the journal should be written in good English. Authors for whom English is not their native language are encouraged to have their paper checked before submission for grammar and clarity.The work should not have been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.&nbsp;</h5> <h4 style="text-align: justify;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Subject Areas</span></h4> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• cultivation of crops and plant breeding</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• like livestock, fisheries</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• forestry</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• the science of cultivating the soil</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• biology and fertility of soils</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• harvesting crops</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• sustainable agriculture</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• organic agriculture</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• industrial agriculture</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• intensive farming</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• animal production</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• seasonal agriculture and climate change</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• agroecosystems, soil, carbon and water</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• fertilizers and pesticides</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• agricultural products – raw materials, foods, fibers, fuels</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• postharvest and quality</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• trade, livelihoods, rural communities and aid</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• health and safety</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• Soil chemistry</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• soil mineralogy</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• soil physices</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">• horticulture/a gricutural economic Ecology/environmental research.</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</h5> <h5 style="text-align: justify;">Copyright / Open AccessArticles published in Agriculture will be Open-Access articles distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The copyright is retained by the author(s).</h5> en-US <h4 style="text-align: justify;">The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture scinces (QJAS), University of Al-Qadisiyah as publisher of the journal.</h4> <h4 style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</h4> <h4 style="text-align: justify;">Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from&nbsp; Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Agriculture&nbsp;Scienses (QJAS), University of Al-Qadisiyah.<br> </h4> <h4 style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Agriculture&nbsp;Scienses (QJAS) , University of Al-Qadisiyah, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the journal Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Agriculture&nbsp;Scienses (QJAS), University of Al-Qadisiyah are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.</h4> agrjou@qu.edu.iq (Prof.Dr. Allawi Luaibi Dagher Al-Khauzai) mohammed.ahmed@qu.edu.iq (Dr. Mohammed Ahmed Mohammed) Thu, 03 May 2018 13:59:32 +0000 OJS 3.1.0.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Effect of Natural Surface Secretes of Some Common Ornamental Plants Leaves on Pathogenic Micro-organisms http://qu.edu.iq/jouagr/index.php/QJAS/article/view/46 <h4 style="text-align: justify;">Thisstudypresentstheantimicrobialeffectofnaturalsurfacesecretesofsomecommonornamentalplantsleaves(Ficuselastica,PhilodendrombipinnatifidumandAglonema)againstsomepathogenicbacteria(Escherichiacoli,P.aeruginosaandStaph.Aureus),andfungi(MicrosporumgypseumandAspergillusflavus).Itwasconcludedthatalltestedwashingwateroftheplantsleavessecretesexhibitedvariousinhibitoryeffects,bothPhilodendrombipinnatifidumandAglonemacommutatumhadexhibitedmoreantibacterialactivitythanFicuselastica.WhilebothE.coliandP.aeruginosawerebeingmoresensitivethanStaph.aureus.Thesameinhibitoryeffectswereobservedwhentheplantsleavesinoculatedintheirsurfacewithpathogenicbacteria.Incontrasttobacterialinhibitoryeffects,thewashingwaterofnaturalsurfacesecretesoftestedornamentalplantsleavesinducedmyceliumgrowthofbothtestedfungi.MicrosporumgypseummyceliumgrowthinducedmorethanAspergillusflavusespeciallyincaseofthewashingwaterofFicuselasticthathavehighesteffectsat7.5/500mLofmedium.Thisstudyconcludedtheusesofornamentalplantsfortheindoorsandoutdoorstocontrolthegrowthofpathogenicmicrobesandproblemsassociatedwithhospital</h4> Hero M.Ismael, Fouad H.Kamel, Akhter A.Ahmed ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://qu.edu.iq/jouagr/index.php/QJAS/article/view/46 Thu, 03 May 2018 13:58:46 +0000 Preparation of Organic Seleno cystine Using Locally Isolated Yeast http://qu.edu.iq/jouagr/index.php/QJAS/article/view/47 <h4 style="text-align: justify;">selenium is a toxic inorganic form at very low concentration to the life, while theorganic-selenium compound sareappre ciableinterest and various of them haveessentialrolesinnutritionalscienceandcellbiochemistry.Selenium-enrichedyeast(Seyeast)isapublicformofseleniumusedtoadditionaldietaryintakeofthisessentialtracemineral.Inthisstudy,weprepareanorganicselenocystinebyusinglocallyisolatedbakeryyeast(Saccharomycescerevisiae).Anovellocallyprepareddateextractmediaenrichedby0.2%potassiumphosphate(KH2PO4),0.6%ammoniumsulfatewasadoptedasalternativeculturemedia.Seleniumsaltwas used in differentconcentrations(30,60,120and240μg/mL),whichwereaddedtotheyeastculturemedia.Whilethebestconcentrationofseleniumaddedwas30μg/mL,itachievedoptimalconditionsforthegrowthof red coloryea stidentical to the standard.Theorganicselenocystine ereanalyzed by High Performance LiquidChromatography (HPLC) and Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) comparing with standard product obtained from Sigma. Results confirmedtheformationofsimilarselenocystineproducts</h4> Fouad Houssein Kamel ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://qu.edu.iq/jouagr/index.php/QJAS/article/view/47 Thu, 03 May 2018 14:06:57 +0000 Study of the Effect of Carob (Ceratoniasiliqua L.) Extract Activity as Antibiotic from UTI http://qu.edu.iq/jouagr/index.php/QJAS/article/view/48 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><em>Escherichia coli</em>&nbsp; bacterial cells have been collected and selected from(30) patients (most found strain) in urine samples 25 (83.3 %) suffering from infection of urinary tract laid down in Hashimiyaha teaching hospital, Babylon during a period from Novembertwo thousand sixty to February two thousand seventy.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>The isolated strain&nbsp; diagnosis is confirmed withVitek2 system apparatus which performed to identify species level of<em>Escherichia coli</em>&nbsp; isolates.To evaluate the antimicrobialaction of the ethanol extract of&nbsp; Carob (<em>CeratoniasiliquaL</em>.) podsonlyas well as in mixture with certain drugs (64µg /ml ampicillin, 32µg /ml gentamicin, 128µg /ml amikacin,8µg /ml clindamycin.) as the wide usageantibiotics in the treatment of UTI bacterial infectionswhich has led to the emergence and spread of resistant strains. Many studies showed that the efficacy of antimicrobials can be improved by combining them with crude plant extracts. The antimicrobial activity of the ethanol extract of pods of Carob(<em>CeratoniasiliquaL.)</em>alone as well as in mixture with some&nbsp; standard antimicrobials has been evaluated using well diffusion methodwhich demonstrates an in-vitro antibacterial activity of the tested extracts against <em>E. Coli</em> bacteria.&nbsp; A combination of the tested extracts( concentration 100%,50%) with antibacterial has increased that activity of the tested antimicrobials.The results revealed the importance of&nbsp; Carob plant extracts when associated with antibiotics to regulatorresistance <em>E. Coli </em>bacteria that developed as adanger to human health</p> Iman Fadhil Abdul-Husin ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://qu.edu.iq/jouagr/index.php/QJAS/article/view/48 Thu, 03 May 2018 14:18:37 +0000 Structural Changes in Iraqi Agricultural Sector and its Relationship with Other Economic Sectors During The Period (1990 – 2015) http://qu.edu.iq/jouagr/index.php/QJAS/article/view/49 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>A field experiment was carried out in a private farmer's farm located in AL-Qadisiyah/ Diwaniyah/ Daghara/ Sadr Al-Daghara area to study the effect of organic and mineral fertilizers on dissolved potassium values ​​inside and outsideZea maize rhizosphere. randomized complete block design (RCBD) was designed in three replicates and included two factors: the first factor with four levels of potassium sulphatewhich are (0, 75, 150, 225) kg K. ha<sup>-1</sup>symbolized by the symbols (K<sub>0</sub>, K<sub>1</sub>, K<sub>2</sub>, K<sub>3</sub>) Respectively, and the second factor with four levelsof organic matter (poultry residues) which are (0, 10, 20, 30) tons. ha<sup>-1</sup> symbolized by the symbols (O<sub>0</sub>, O<sub>1</sub>, O<sub>2</sub>, O<sub>3</sub>) Respectively, the seeds of Zeamaize (Zea mays L.) were cultivated in the form of lines (DKC 6120) in the form of lines on 20/7/2016.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>The results showed that the addition of potassium sulphate in different levels has achieved a significant increase in the amount of soluble potassium inside and outside the soil of the root zone and for all time periods (40,70,100) days of planting and the mineral fertilizer has exceeded the organic fertilizer in increasing the amount of soluble potassium and the interaction between the highest level of potassium fertilizer 225 kg k. ha<sup>-1</sup> and the highest level of organic fertilizer 30 tons. ha<sup>-1</sup> (K<sub>3</sub>O<sub>3</sub>) achieved the highest amount of soluble potassium within the root zone which amounted to (0.131,0.163) cmol.kg soil<sup>-1</sup>respectively, and (0.179,0.167) cmol.kg soil<sup>-1</sup> outside the root zone respectivelyfor the periods (40,70) days of planting respectively, while after 100 days of planting the interaction (K<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3­</sub>) achieved the highest amount of soluble potassium amounted to 0.114 cmol.kg soil<sup>-1</sup>inside the root zone andtheinteraction (K<sub>3</sub>O<sub>3</sub>) achieved the highest amount of soluble potassium amounted to 0.159 cmol.kg soil<sup>-1</sup> outside the root zone and a decrease in the amount of soluble potassium and for all treatment is noticed with the increase of plant growth time</p> Bassam H. Al-Badri, Nagham R. Mohammed ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://qu.edu.iq/jouagr/index.php/QJAS/article/view/49 Thu, 03 May 2018 14:31:20 +0000 Effect of Organic and Mineral Fertilization on The Values of Soluble Potassium Insideand Outside Rhizosphere of ZeaMaize (zea mays L.) http://qu.edu.iq/jouagr/index.php/QJAS/article/view/50 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>A field experiment was carried out in a private farmer's farm located in AL-Qadisiyah/ Diwaniyah/ Daghara/ Sadr Al-Daghara area to study the effect of organic and mineral fertilizers on dissolved potassium values ​​inside and outsideZea maize rhizosphere. randomized complete block design (RCBD) was designed in three replicates and included two factors: the first factor with four levels of potassiumsulphatewhich are (0, 75, 150, 225) kg K. ha<sup>-1</sup>symbolized by the symbols (K<sub>0</sub>, K<sub>1</sub>, K<sub>2</sub>, K<sub>3</sub>) Respectively, and the second factor with four levelsof organic matter (poultry residues) which are (0, 10, 20, 30) tons. ha<sup>-1</sup> symbolized by the symbols (O<sub>0</sub>, O<sub>1</sub>, O<sub>2</sub>, O<sub>3</sub>) Respectively, the seeds of Zeamaize (Zea mays L.) were cultivated in the form of lines (DKC 6120) in the form of lines on 20/7/2016.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>The results showed that the addition of potassium sulphate in different levels has achieved a significant increase in the amount of soluble potassium inside and outside the soil of the root zone and for all time periods (40,70,100) days of planting and the mineral fertilizer has exceeded the organic fertilizer in increasing the amount of soluble potassium and the interaction between the highest level of potassium fertilizer 225 kg k. ha<sup>-1</sup> and the highest level of organic fertilizer 30 tons. ha<sup>-1</sup> (K<sub>3</sub>O<sub>3</sub>) achieved the highest amount of soluble potassium within the root zone which amounted to (0.131,0.163) cmol.kg soil<sup>-1</sup>respectively, and (0.179,0.167) cmol.kg soil<sup>-1</sup> outside the root zone respectivelyfor the periods (40,70) days of planting respectively, while after 100 days of planting the interaction (K<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3­</sub>) achieved the highest amount of soluble potassium amounted to 0.114 cmol.kg soil<sup>-1</sup>inside the root zone andtheinteraction (K<sub>3</sub>O<sub>3</sub>) achieved the highest amount of soluble potassium amounted to 0.159 cmol.kg soil<sup>-1</sup> outside the root zone and a decrease in the amount of soluble potassium and for all treatment is noticed with the increase of plant growth time</p> Raid Sh. Jarallah, Jibreel Abbas Mohammed ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://qu.edu.iq/jouagr/index.php/QJAS/article/view/50 Thu, 03 May 2018 00:00:00 +0000