The Effect of Quality of Salts Solution on Adsorption and Release of Phosphorus from Soil
AbstractA lab experiment has been carried out using a low content of lime soil treated with saline solutions of chlorides of calcium, magnesium, and sodium, and different rates 100/0, 50/50, and 0/100 of calcium, magnesium, and sodium applied on one concentration of 50 meq.l-1. Phosphorus is added in five concentrations (0, 25, 50, 75, and 100) ppm. Treatments were lab incubated for 90 days, then desorption isotherms of phosphorus are studied through Langmuir equation applications. Released phosphorus is studied. Results show an increase in the average of bonding energy in the treatment of single cat ion where it is (1, 0.68, 0.75) ml.ÂµgP-1 of Ca, Mg, and Na treatments respectively. Also, bonding energy average of mixed cat ions (0.34, 0.20, 0.55) ml.ÂµgP-1 of Ca/Mg, Mg/Na, and Ca/Na treatments of 50/50 rate where the maximum adsorption average are (Xm) at (4000., 188.4, 3030 .) ÂµgP.gm Soil-1 of single cat ions of calcium, magnesium, and sodium. While when there is a pair of cat ions, they are (322, 526, 1000) ÂµgP.gSoil-1 of Ca/Mg, Mg/Na, and Ca/Na of 50/50 rates, where the average released phosphorus of Ca, Mg, and Na are (29.1, 54.7, and 51.8)ÂµgP.gm Soil-1 respectively, while released phosphorus of pair cat ions are (62.90, 73.90, 57.03) ÂµgP.gm Soil-1 of Ca/Mg, Mg/Na, and Ca/Na respectively.
Ø§Ù„Ù‚ÙŠØ³ÙŠ ØŒ Ø´ÙÙŠÙ‚ Ø¬Ù„Ø§Ø¨ . Ø§Ø¨Ø±Ø§Ù‡ÙŠÙ… Ø¨ÙƒØ±ÙŠ Ø¹Ø¨Ø¯ Ø§Ù„Ø±Ø²Ø§Ù‚.Ù†ÙˆØ± Ø§Ù„Ø¯ÙŠÙ† Ù…ØÙ…Ø¯ Ù…Ù‡Ø§ÙˆØ´ (2001), Ø§Ø«Ø± Ø·ÙˆØ± Ø§Ù„ØªÙ…Ù„Ø ÙˆØ§Ù„ØºØ³Ù„ Ø¹Ù„Ù‰ Ø³Ù„ÙˆÙƒ Ø§Ù„ØµÙˆØ± Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø®ØªÙ„ÙØ© Ù„Ù„ÙØ³ÙÙˆØ± ÙÙŠ Ø§Ù„ØªØ±Ø¨Ø©. Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø¬Ù„Ø© Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø±Ø§Ù‚ÙŠØ© Ù„Ø¹Ù„ÙˆÙ… Ø§Ù„ØªØ±Ø¨Ø©. Ù…Ø¬Ù„Ø¯1,Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø¯Ø¯ 1: 73-83.
Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø´Ù‡Ø¯Ø§Ù†ÙŠ ØŒ Ù…ØµØ·ÙÙ‰ Ø¹Ø¨Ø¯ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ù†Ø¹Ù… . (2008). Ø§Ø«Ø± Ø§Ù„ØªØ¯Ø§Ø®Ù„ Ø¨ÙŠÙ† Ù…Ø¹Ø§Ø¯Ù† Ø§Ù„ÙƒØ§Ø±Ø¨ÙˆÙ†Ø§Øª ÙˆÙ…Ø¹Ø§Ø¯Ù† Ø§Ù„Ø§Ø·ÙŠØ§Ù† Ø§Ù„Ø³Ù„ÙŠÙƒØ§ØªÙŠØ© ÙˆØ§Ù„ØØ¯ÙŠØ¯ ÙÙŠ Ø³Ù„ÙˆÙƒ Ø§Ù„ÙØ³ÙÙˆØ± Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø¶Ø§Ù Ø§Ø·Ø±ÙˆØØ© Ø¯ÙƒØªÙˆØ±Ø§Ù‡ â€“ ÙƒÙ„ÙŠØ© Ø§Ù„Ø²Ø±Ø§Ø¹Ø© â€“ Ø¬Ø§Ù…Ø¹Ø© Ø¨ØºØ¯Ø§Ø¯.
Ø¨Ø´ÙˆØ± ØŒ Ø¹ØµØ§Ù… ØŒ Ø§Ù†Ø·ÙˆØ§Ù† Ø§Ù„ØµØ§ÙŠØ¹ (2007) Ø·Ø±Ù‚ ØªØÙ„ÙŠÙ„ ØªØ±Ø¨Ø© Ø§Ù„Ù…Ù†Ø§Ø·Ù‚ Ø§Ù„Ø¬Ø§ÙØ© ÙˆØ´Ø¨Ø© Ø§Ù„Ø¬Ø§ÙØ© Ø¨ÙŠØ±ÙˆØª â€“ Ù„Ø¨Ù†Ø§Ù†.
Ø¹ÙˆØ§Ø¯ ØŒ ÙƒØ§Ø¸Ù… Ù…Ø´ØÙˆØª.(1986). Ù…Ø¨Ø§Ø¯Ø¦ ÙƒÙŠÙ…ÙŠØ§Ø¡ ØªØ±Ø¨Ø© - ÙˆØ²Ø§Ø±Ø© Ø§Ù„ØªØ¹Ù„ÙŠÙ… Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø§Ù„ÙŠ ÙˆØ§Ù„Ø¨ØØ« Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ù„Ù…ÙŠ- Ø¬Ø§Ù…Ø¹Ø© Ø§Ù„Ø¨ØµØ±Ø©.
Ù†ÙØ§ÙˆÙ‡ ØŒ Ø´Ø°Ù‰ Ù…Ø§Ø¬Ø¯ . (2002). Ø§Ù„Ø³Ù„ÙˆÙƒ Ø§Ù„ÙÙŠØ²ÙŠÙˆÙƒÙŠÙ…ÙŠØ§Ø¦ÙŠ Ù„Ù…Ø¹Ø§Ø¯Ù† Ø§Ù„ÙƒØ§Ø±Ø¨ÙˆÙ†Ø§Øª ÙˆØ§Ø«Ø±Ù‡ ÙÙŠ ØªÙØ§Ø¹Ù„Ø§Øª Ø§Ù„ÙØ³ÙÙˆØ± ÙÙŠ Ø§Ù„ØªØ±Ø¨Ø© . Ø§Ø·Ø±ÙˆØØ© Ø¯ÙƒØªÙˆØ±Ø§Ù‡ â€“ ÙƒÙ„ÙŠØ© Ø§Ù„Ø²Ø±Ø§Ø¹Ø© - Ø¬Ø§Ù…Ø¹Ø© Ø¨ØºØ¯Ø§Ø¯
AL-Kaysi, S.C and AL-Mamooree, A.D.S.( 2015).Evaluation of theoretical basis useto createresidual sodium carbonate (RSC) equation and the possibilityofMgcarbonate minerals precipitation in soil.Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary science.(JAVS).V.8:66-71.
Al-Mamooree, A. D. S. ( 2012). Role of precipitation pattern, Ca/Mg ratio and ionic strength in properties of carbonate minerals and it is effect in zinc adsorption. . Ph. D. Thesis, Dept. of Soil Sci. and Water Resources, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, Iraq
Berner, R.A. (1975).The role of magnesium in the growth of calcite and aragonite from sea water.Geochim.Cosmchim.Acta. 39:489-504.
Black, C. A. (1965). Methods of soil analysis.Physical and micrological.Part 1.Am Soc. of Agron. Madison Wisconsin.
Christopher, S. R, C. J. Lopez , A. R. Navarro , N. Sahi and M. Coleman. (2009). Inorganic synthesis of Fe-Ca-Mg carbonate at low temperature.GeochimicaCosmochimica . 73:5361-5376.
Curtin, D.F., Selles. and H. Steppum. (1992). Influence of salt concentration and sodicity on the solubility of phosphate in soils. Soil Sci. 153 : 109-116.
Ferguson, J. F.Mcarty, P .L .1971.Effects of carbonate and magnesium on calcium phosphate precipitation.Environ.Sci. Technol. 5 , 534-540
Harris, C. W. , A. C., Wilkic, X. Cao and R. Sirengo .(2004). Bench-Scale recovery of phosphorus from flushed dairy manure waste water .Bioresour Technology. 99:3036-3043.
Hesse, P. R. (1972). A text book of soil chemical Analysis . John Murray ltd. Great Britain.
Jackson , M. L(1958). soil chemical analysis . Prentice Hall Inc. Englewood Cliff. N. J.
Mclean , J.E. ; and B.E. Beldose. (1992). Behaviour of metals in soils.EPA.Ground Water Issue 154015 â€“ 921015.
Page, A. L.,R. H. Miller , and D. R. Kenney. (1982). Methods of analysis .Part 2. Chemical and biological properties . USA. Amer. Soc. Agron. Inc. Publisher , Madison , Wisconsin.
Richards,A(1954). Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils, Agriculture hand book No. 60. USDA Washington.
Sanchez, V. D. C. and A. G. Luis.(2009). Calcite and aragonite precipitation under controlled instantaneous supersaturation : Elucidating the role of CaCO3saturation state and Mg/Ca ration on calcium carbonate polymorphism . J. sedimentary. Res. 79 (6) 363-376.
Sharpley, A.N. ; D. Curtin , and J.K. Syers. (1988). Changes in the water â€“ extractability of soil inorganic phosphate induced by sodium saturation. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 52 : 637-640.
Smillic, G.W. ; D. Curtin , and J.K. Syers. (1987). Influence of exchangeable Ca on phosphate retention in weakly acid soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 51 : 1169-1172.
Soil Survey Staff, (2006).Key to soil taxonomy .10thEdition.United States Departmentof Agriculture Natural Resource Conservation Service.Washington , D. C.
Sposito, G. (2008). The Chemistry of soils .Oxford univ. Press. P:329.
Copyright (c) 2017 Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Agriculture scinces (QJAS), University of Al-Qadisiyah as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Agriculture Scienses (QJAS), University of Al-Qadisiyah.
Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Agriculture Scienses (QJAS) , University of Al-Qadisiyah, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the journal Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Agriculture Scienses (QJAS), University of Al-Qadisiyah are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.