The effect of some additives on histological changes of broiler chicks
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of feed additives on weight and histological changes in the small intestine. A total of (350) broiler chicks one –day old (Ross 380) – unsexed were randomly divided into (7) equal dietary treatment groups, as follows: Treatment (T1): Basal diet without any addition (control group) ,Treatment (T2): Basal diet + Garlic 4cc/10L,Treatment(T3):Basal diet + Saccharomyces cervisiae 2.5gm/10L,Treatment (T4): Basal diet + Stpire 2.5cc/10 L, Treatment (T5): Basal diet +B. glucan 8gm/10 kg, Treatment (T6): Basal diet + Levamisole 1gm/kg, Treatment (T6): Basal diet + Levamisole 1gm/kg, Treatment (T7): Basal diet + Neomycin 0.5 gm/L. These additions were presented on the first day of the arrival for 5 days, and on the day of first vaccination for 5 days and at the end of the experiment for 5 days also. These chicks vaccinated with NDV on the day one of age by injection in the neck and re-vaccinated at day 10 of age with Lassota, Body weight was weekly determined the results as following: Chicks feed a diet with (T7) showed improvement in villus height and in the (T3, T4).
2-Ibrahim Diaa Khalil. Modes to reduce the effect of heat stress on chicken meat and eggs, PhD thesis, faculty of agriculture. Baghdad University. (1993).
3-Agawane SB, Lonkar PS. Effect of probiotic-containing saccharomyces boulardii on experimental ochratoxicosis in broilers; hematobiochemical studies. J. Vet .Sci , (2004) 5; (4), 359-367.
4-Who Antibiotic use in food producing animals must be curtailed to prevent ineveased residence in humans، wordld health organization press، release who/(1997) ;73,20 october.
5-Jin IZ, YW HO, Abdullah N, Jalaludin S. Probiotics in poultry, modes of action. Word’s Poultry Sci. J. (1997a); 53: 351-368.
6-Joan S, Jeffery. Use of competitive exclusion product for Poultry, University of Califoria. (1999); p.1-3.
7-Al-Shadidy, Shahrazad Mohammed.Effect of using the proportion of yeast fermented bread on the production performance and immune response for meat breeder.Master thesis.Baqhdad university.(2001).
8-Edens FW.An alternative for antibiotic use in poultry: probiolic .Rev.Bras .Cisnc. Avic. Vol. 5no. 2. Yoruk, M.A.; M. Gul; A. Hayirli and M. Macite. (2004).The effects of supplementation of humate and probiotic on egg production and quality parameters during the late laying period inhens. Poult.Sci. (2003); 83; 84-88.
9-Santin E, Paulillo AC, Maiorka A, Nakaghi LSO, Macari M, Salva AVF, Alessi AC. Evaluation of the efficacy of saccharomyces cervisiae cell wall to ameliorate the toxic effects of aflatoxin in broiler. Int. J. Poult. Sci., (2003) 2(5) :341-344.
10- Dibner JI, Richards JD. Antibiotic growth promoters in agriculture: history and mode of action. Poult.Sci. (2005); 84:634-643.
11-Parks GW, Grimes JL, Ferket PR, Farkhild AS. The effect of mannan oligosaccharides, bamber mycin, and virginiamycin on performance of large white male market Turkegs, Poult. Sci: (2001); 80:718-723.
12-Rolf RO. Population dynamics of the intestinal tract in: l. C. blakship ed., coloization control of human bacterial pathogenes in poultry. Academic Press. Inc . San Diego .U.S.A. (1991).
13-Nahashon SN, Nakaue HS, Mirosh LW. Production variable and nutrient retention insingle comb white leghorn pullets fed diets. Supplemented with direct– fedmicrobials. Poultry .Sci. (1994); 73: 1699-1711.
14-Dunham HI, Williams C, Eden FW S cassas IA, Dobrogosz WS. Lactobacillus reuteri immune modulation of stressor-associated disease in newly hached chicken and turkey. Poult. Sci. 72(suppl.1):308 (Abstr). (1993).
15-Abdel Krim, Abdel Hamid. Effect of some antibiotics on the severity of injury experiment with mycoplasma in meat broiler.Baghdad university.(1985).
16-Samanya M, Yamauchi K. Histolgical alteration of intestinal villi in Chickens fed dried bacillus subtilis Var . Nattto. Comp. Bioch. Physio. (2002); 133: 95-104.
17-Caspary WF. Physiology and pathophysiology of intestinal absorption. Am. J. Clin. Nutr (1992); 55: 299s-308s.
18-Markovic R, Dsefer. Mkristic, Bpetrujkie. Effect of different growth promoters on broiler performance and gut morphology. Arch .Med. Vet. .(2009); 41, 163-169.
19-Chichowski M, Croom WJ, Edens FW, Mac Bride BW, Qiu R, Chiang CC, Daniel LR, Havenstein GB, Koci MD. Macroarchitecture and spatial relationship between bacteria and ileal , cecal and colonic epithelium inchicks fed adirect - fed microbial, primalac, and salinomycin . Poult. Sci. (2007) ; 86:1121-1132.
20-Martin KW, Ermst E. Herbal medicines for treatment of bacterial infections: areview of controlled clinical trils. J. antimicrobial Chem. (2003); 51(2): 241-246.
21-Groiler P, Borel P, Duszka C, Lorry S, Alexander MC – Gouabau, Azais V – Braesco, Nugon–Baudon. The bioavailability of alpha and beta carotene is affected by gutmicro flora in the rat. Br. J. Nutr. (1998);80(2): 199-204.
22-Sakat, Inagaki A. Organic acid production in the large intestine: implication for epithelial cell proliferation and cell death in gut environment of pig. University Press. Nothingham, Nk. (2001); Pp85-94.
23-Adibmorad M, Bahman Navidshad Jamal Seifdavati, Maryam Royan. Effect of dietary garlic meal on histological structure of small intestine in broiler chickens. poult. Sci.,(2006); 4 (43): 378-383.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright: All manuscripts published by Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences are under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. This permits anyone to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited. Copyright on any open access article published by Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences is retained by the author(s).
Note: The journal is not allow any scientific misconduct in any published research article. Any article exceeds the permissible ratio of plagiarism is rejected. However, as a publisher will follow strict scientific guidelines and advice to retract or erratum of any article at any time if found scientific misconduct or errors in any articles. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.