Comparative study of some indicator bacteria of sheep and goats raw milk in Al-Qadisiyah Province
The present study was carried out in Al-Diwaniyah city and its different districts, which includes (city center, Afak district and their regions, Al-Hamza district and their regions, Al-Shamiya district and their regions, Al-Daghra regions and its villages) during a period November 2009 to July 2010. A total of samples used in this study were 120 raw milk samples collected includes 60 samples for each species for (sheep and goats) for two different season of year (Winter and Summer), first start from (beginning November 2009 to end of the January 2010),and the second start from (beginning May to July 2010) The results of this study revealed the rising the averages of microbes contaminated raw milk samples in each species of animals included in this study where raw milk samples for sheep recorded (0.16Ã—106 CFU/ml) and goats (0.13Ã—106 CFU/ml). The highest averages of total Coliform bacterial count were found in raw milk samples of sheep and goats (0.15Ã—106 CFU/ml). While averages of Staphylococcus aureas were high in raw milk samples of sheep (0.20Ã—106 CFU/ml) and less in raw milk samples of goats (0.14Ã—106 CFU/ml). While the average of Streptococcus spp. Were (0.30Ã—106 CFU/ml) and (0.27Ã—106 CFU/ml) for sheep and goats respectively. Seasons of the year had effect on average of total bacterial count studied for each samples of raw milk for all species of animals included in this study. Where shown rising averages of all microbes numbers during summer period while there are decreasing in average of microbes during winter period which variances significantly (Pâ‰¤0.05).
2-Gupta JP. Assessment of the quality of collection raw Milk by identifying the source of introduction, Types of Microflora and Minimization factors in Saras dairy Bhilwara, rajasthan , India.Poll. Res., 27: (2008); 725-728.
3-Morello JA, Mizer HE, Granato PA. Laboratory manual and work book in microbiology. 8th ed.: (2006)279-281.
4-Macfaddin JF (2000). Biochemical Tests for Identification of Medical Bacteria. 3rd ed. Lippin Cott Williams and Wilkins. Philadelphia, USA.
5-Collee JG, Fraser AG, Marmion BP, Simmons A. Practical medical microbiology. 14th ed. Churchill living stone. Inc. New York, USA. College Publishing. California, USA. (1996); 183- 338.
6-Bradshaw LJ. Laboratory Microbiology. 4th ed. Saunders College Publishing. California, USA. : (1992); 183-338.
7-Stukus P E (1997). Investigating Microbiology: A laboratory manual for general microbiology. Harcourtbrace and Company. Philadelphia, USA. : 169- 467.
8-Quinn PJ, Marker BK, Carter ME, Donnelly WJ, Leonard FC (2002).Veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Diseases. Blackwell Science Ltd, Blackwell publishing company.
9-Macfaddin JF. Biochemical Tests for Identifications of Medical Bacteria. 1st ed. Lippin Cott Williams and Wilkins. Philadelphia, USA. (1979).
10-Singleton P. Bacteria in Biology, Biotechnology and Medicine. 4th ed. John wiley and Sons. London, UK. : (1997); 216- 372.
11-Alexander SK, Strete D. Microbiology a Photographic Atlas for the Laboratory: Chapter Five, Biochemical Tests for Bacterial Identification: (2006); 69-92.
12-ALrawe KM; Khalafallah AM (1980). Design and analysis of agricultural experiments-Faculty of Agriculture - University of Mosul
13-Basheer SZ (2003). To the statistical, program SPSS. Arab Institute for Training and Research in Statistics. Central Statistical Organization - Republic of Iraq.
14-Petrei A, Watson P (2004).Statistics for veterinary and animal science. Illustrations prepared by Alexander Hunte. Printed and bounded in Great Britain .By TJ. International Ltd, Padstowy Cornwall.
15-Khuzaie MA. Microbiological evaluation of milk and some of its products in the city of Diwaniya. Master Thesis. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Al-Qadisiyah University: (2006); 35-82
16-Zhaiba MSJ. Milk contamination with fungus and some germs function. Master Thesis- Faculty of Veterinary Medicine-University of Baghdad, (1993).
17-Hassan GA; Badran AE. Quality of buffaloâ€™s milk obtained by hand and machine milking .Alex.J.Agric.Res.31: (1986); 83-91.
18-Elmoslemany AM, Keefe GP, Dohoo IR, Dingwell RT. Microbiological quality of bulk tank raw milk in Prince Edward Island dairy herds. J. American Dairy Sci. 92: (2009); 4239-4248.
19-Banwart GJ. Basic Food Microbiology. CBS publishers and distributors: (2005);11-49.
20-Nikerson JT, Sinskey AJ. Microbiology of Food and Food Processing. A.M. Elesiver Publishing Comp. New York. (1972).
21-Muhammed K, Altaf I, Hanif A, Anjum A,Tipu MY. Monitoring of hygienic status of raw milk marketed in Lahore city, Pakistan. J. Anim. and Pla. Sci.19: (2009); 74-77.
22-Sa'adi AHJ. Evaluation of the quality of raw milk in the central region of Iraq. Master Thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Baghdad, (1988).
23-Mennane Z, Ouhssine M, Khedid K, Elyachioui M. Hygienic quality of raw cow's milk feeding from domestic waste in two regions in Morocco .Intern. J. Agric. and Biol. 1: (2007); 46-48.
24-Al-Jibori SF (1981). Investigation of bacterial food poisoning in Baghdad area. PhD. Thesis. Univ. of Alexandria.
25-Minor TE, Marth EH. Staphylococcus aureas and staphylococcal intoxication. a Review Staphylococci in Dairy Food . J. Milk and Food Technol. 35: (1974); 77-81.
26-Rysanek D Babak V, Zouharova.Balk tank milk somatic cell count and Source of raw milk contamination with mastitis pathogens. Vetrinarinarni medicina, (2007); 52:223-230.
27-WHO (World Health Organization). Guideline for Drinking Water Quality.2nd ed. Vol.2.Geneva. (1997); pp:33-40.
28-Ajariyakhajorn K, Samngamnim S and Rerk-u-suke S.P18 In vitro growth effect of Streptococcus uberis causing subclinical mastitis isolates on methylene blue reduction test. Proceeding 8th Chula. Uni. Vet. Sci. An. Con, (2009).
29-Oliveira CAF, Mestieri L, Santos MV, Moreno JFG, Germano PML. Effect of microbiological of raw milk on the quality of whole milk Powder. Brazilian J. Microbiol. 31: (2000);195-198.
30-Hanus O, Frelich J, Vyletelova M, Roubal P, Vorlicek Z, Jedelska R. Technologically difficults pathogenic and food risky bacterial contamination of raw milk and other materials from dairy cowherds .J.Anim. Sci. 49: (2004); 489-499.
31-Aboul-Kheir FA, ElBassiony T, Gad-El Rab H.Incidence of coliform organismâ€™s assiut .Vet. Med. J., 15: (1986); 128.
32-Donkor ES, Aning KG, Quaye J.Bacterial contamination of marketed raw Milk in Ghana. Ghana Med. J. 41: (2007); 58-61.
33-Adwan G, Abu-Shana B, Dwan K.Enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureas in raw milk in the north Palestine.Turk.J.Biol.,1: (2005); 229-232.
Copyright (c) 2018 Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright: All manuscripts published by Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences are under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. This permits anyone to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited. Copyright on any open access article published by Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences is retained by the author(s).
Note: The journal is not allow any scientific misconduct in any published research article. Any article exceeds the permissible ratio of plagiarism is rejected. However, as a publisher will follow strict scientific guidelines and advice to retract or erratum of any article at any time if found scientific misconduct or errors in any articles. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.