Histomorphological study of duodenum of goose (Anser anser)

  • Abdularazzaq B. Kadhim Department of Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq
  • Eman I. Dali Department of Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq
  • Hassaneen A. Sharoot Department of Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq

Abstract

The present work includes anatomical and histological studied of the different part of the duodenum in the Goose (Anser anser). It was taken (10) birds were anaesthesia and work of a longitudinal incision in the abdomen and the eradication of the gut complete manner and then duodenum measurements, Anatomical study shown duodenum divided into three parts ascending, descending and middle part. Histological study after dying in the form of hematoxylin and eosin represent the wall of the duodenum in all parts consist of four-layer tunica mucosa, submucosa, muscularis and serosa. The tunica mucosa of all parts of the duodenum was studied with folded villi of different shape and size, which were lined by simple columnar epithelium having more goblet cells in proximal part in contrast middle and distal part. The goblet cells are distributed between enterocytes and secrete mucus that covers the mucosa. The apical part of villi of  proximal duodenum were slightly pointed and the basal parts of villi were thicker than middle and distal duodenum that’s come from the proximal part of duodenum plays major role in net nutrient absorption Lamina muscularis mucosa is various in thickness in all parts of duodenum and was made up of smooth muscle fibres. Tunica submucosa in the duodenum of goose in this study consist of loose connective tissue rich with lymphoid fibres and duodenal glands.  The musculosa layer consists of two smooth muscle layers outer longitudinal layer and a thick circular muscle layer that allow mixing and propulsion of the digesta through the intestinal tract

References

1-Gulmez N, Kocamis H, Aslan S et al. Immunocytochemical distribution of cells containing insulin, glucagon and somatostatin in the goose (Anser anser) pancreas. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 28, (2004); 403-407.
2-Mourot J, Guy G, Lagarrigue S, Peiniau P, Hermier D. Role of hepatic lipogenesis in the susceptibility to fatty liver in the goose (Anser ancer). Comp. Biochem. Physiol part B: Biochem. Mol. Biol.126, (2000); 81-87.
3-Shafey A. Some comparative anatomical studies on the stomach,intestine and liver in ducks,chicken and pigeon. Ph.D. thesis. Benha University (2006).
4-IUCN (2007). IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org>. (Downloaded on June, 07, 2008)
5-Klasing KC. Avian gastrointestinal anatomy and physiology. Semin Avian Exotic Pet Med, (1999); 8:42-50.
6-Denbow DM. Gastrointestinal anatomy and physiology. In: Avian Physiology, 5th edn (G. C.Whittow, Ed.). San Diego, California: Academic Press, (2000); 299-325
7-Abd El-Aziz IS. Comparative macroscopic and microscopic anatomy on the digestive system of some vertebrate animals. Ph. D. Thesis Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar Univ., Cairo, (1984).
8-Gelis S. Evaluating and Treating the Gastrointestinal System in Harrison, G.J., and Lightfoot, T. L. (Eds): Clinical avian medicine. Palm Beach, FL: Spix Publishing Inc. (2005); 412- 440.
9-Duke GE. Gastrointestinal physiology and nutrition in wild birds Proc. Nutr. Soc. (1997); 1049-1056,
10-Calhoun ML. Microscopic anatomy of the digestive system of the chicken. Ames, Iowa State College Press. (1994); 108.
11-Prasad RV, K Kakade. Histology andhistochemistry of proven triculus of domestic duck (Anasplatyrhynchos Linnaeus). Mysore. J.Agric.Sci. 24: (1990); 506-511.
12-Vukicevic K, Babic D Mihelic, VG, Kantura. The anatomy of the digestive system of the ostrich (Struthiocamelus). Proceedings of the 11th Ostrich World Congress Island Great Brijun Croatia, 15-17 October (2004); 66-69.
13-Calhoun ML.The microscopic anatomy of the digestive tract of Gallus domesticus. Iowa State Coll. J. Sci., 7(3): (1988); 61- 81.
14-Salem SB (1984). Comparative anatomy and histology of the alimentary canal of some birds. Ph. D. Thesis, Faculty of science, Comenus Univ., Bratislava.
15-AR Akester. Structure of the glandular layer and koilin membrane in the gizzard of the adult domestic fowl (Gallus gallusdomesticus)J. Anat.147, (1986);1–25,
16-Tompsett DH, Wakeley C (1965). Anatomical Techniques.1st Edition.E & Living Stone Ltd. Edinburgh and London.
17-Shafey A (2006). Some comparative anatomical studies on the stomach, intestine and liver in ducks, chicken and pigeon. Ph.D. thesis Benha University.
18-Ahmed HHA (1977). Studies on digestion in pekin ducks MV. Sc. Thesis presented to faculty of Vet. Med. Cairo University’s.
19-El-Zoghby IMA (2000). Histological and histochemical studies on the digestive tract of turkeys at different ages. Ph. D. Thesis ac. vet. Med. Zagazig University.
20-Hassouna EMA. Some anatomical and morphometrical studies on the intestinal tract of chicken, duck, goose, turkey pigeon, Dove, Quail, sparrow, Heron, Jackdaw, Hoopoe, Kestrel and owl Assiut, Vet. Med. J. vol. 44 No 88(2001); 47-78.
21-Jamroz D. Comparative characteristic of gastrointestinal tract development and digestibility of nutrients in young chickens, ducks and geese. Proceedings of the 15th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition, September 25-29, (2005), Balatonfured, Hungary, pp: 74-85.
22-Nir I, Z Nitsan, M Mahagna, Comparative growth and development of the digestive organs and of some enzymes in broiler and egg type chicks after hatching. Br. Poult. Sci., 34: (1993); 523-532.
23-M Nasrin, MNH Siddiqi, MA Masum, MA Wares (2012). Gross and histological studies of digestive tract of broilers during postnatal growth and development Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University>Vol 10, No 1 (2012).
24-El karmoty AF (2014) Macromorphological study on the digestive system of geese and ducks with special reference to its blood supply. Ph.D. Thesis. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University.
25-Prasad RV. Histology and some histochemistry of proventriculus and gizzard of domestic duck (Anas platyrhnohos) Linnaeus. Mysore J. agric. Sci. (1988); 22-285.
Published
2018-12-30