Histological and morphometric study of the skin appendages of local breed sheep ovis ovis
The aim of this study is provide histological and morphometric data information to the skin appendages of the local breed sheep regarding to the individual variation in different animal species to use in another sciences. The study carried out on ten healthy ram skin and the samples were taken during autumn season from fourth different anatomical sites (ventral ear surfaces, neck, middle dorsum, tail.). The study revealed that there were a number of skin appendages including( wool follicles and skin glands Sebaceous and sweat glands), two types of wool follicles were observed in the dermis (reticular layer) of the skin of local breed sheep in the form of primary and secondary wool follicles, the wool follicles in sheep were considered as a compound type in which there were more than one wool fiber emerged from one pore on the skin surface. The follicles was arranged as groups consist mainly of three follicles (Trio), in addition to (Dio) and (Mono) arrangement, in this study we noticed the greater diameter of the primary and secondary wool follicles in the neck region and the deeper primary wool follicles present in neck region ,while the deeper secondary wool follicles present in middle dorsum. In respect to the sebaceous glands, the present results indicate that they attached with the both types of wool follicles in which they opened at the upper part of the wool follicles via short duct the larger sebaceous gland found in neck region all the sweat glands of the skin of sheep were of Apocrine type, these glands which have large secretory parts and narrow duct were accompanied the primary wool follicle but the bigger sweat gland present in middle dorsum.
2-Krause WJ, Cutts JH. Concise text of Histology 2nd ed. (1986); pp: 273-282.
3-Bragulla HH, Hombergwer DG. Structure and Functions of Keratin Proteins in Simple Stratified Keratinized and Cornified epithelium J. Anat. 214: (2009);516â€“550
4-Dellmann HD. Textbook of Veterinary histology . Lea and Fiebiger. Philadelphia. (1994); Pp: 80-95
5-Genkovski D, Gerchev G. Study of the skin Histological structure in ewes from Staroplaninska and Thoroughbred. Biotechnology in animal husbandry Belgrade â€“ Zemun . 23 (5â€“6). (2007); P: 191â€“197.
6-Colville T, Bassert JM. Clinical Anatomy and physiology for veterinary Technicians. 2nd ed. (2008);PP:131â€“138.
7- Banks WJ. Applied Veterinary Histology. William and Wilkins, Baltimore London. (1993);PP : 341â€“371.
8-Talukdar AH, Calhoun ML, Stinson AW. Microscopic Anatomy of the skin of Horse. Am. J. Vet. Res. 33.12. (1972); pp: 2365-2388
9-Kamel G, Schwarz Wars R, Ali AM. Studies on the follicles and apocrine tubular glands in the skin of the oneâ€“humped camel. Assiut Vet. Med. J., (1986); 17(34).
10-Sar M, Calhoun ML. Microscopic anatomy of the inlegument of the common American goat. Am. J.vet.Res. 252: (1966); 160-180.
11-Bonneville MA. Observations on epidermal differentiation in the fatal rat. AM. J. Anat. 123:(1968);147â€“164
12-James GM, Jeffery M. Lookinbill and Marks' principles of dermatology 4thed. (2006); PP: 6.
13-William J, Timothy B, Dirk E. Andrews' Disease of the skin: clinical Dermatology (10th ed). Saunders. (2005);p: 2.
14-Kligman AM. The uses of Sebum in : Advancecs in Biology of skin. vol. Iv. The Sebaceous glands. Eds. W. Montagna, R.A. Ellis & AF. Silver. oxford, pergaman press. (1963); Pp: 110-124.
15-Junqurira LC, Carneiro J. Basic Histology. the McGrawâ€“ Hill companies, USA, (2005); pp: 370-380.
16-Gartner LP, Hiatt JL. color atlas of Histology. 4th ed. Awolters Kluwer Company, philadephia, London. (2006);222-232.
17- Bovell DL, Corbett AD, Holme S, Macdonalld A, Harker M. The absence of apocrine glands in the human axilla has disease pathogenetic implications including axillare hyperhidrosis. Bri. J. dermatol. 150 (6): (2007);1278â€“1286.
18-Munger BL, Brusilow SW. The histophysiology of rat planter sweat gland Anat . Res. 19:(1971) ;6-7.
19-James GM, Jeffery M. Lookinbill and Marks' principles of dermatology 4thed . (2006); PP: 6.
20-Montagna W. the structure and function of skin. 2nd ed . Academic Press. New York USA. (1962) ;351-369.
21-Luna IG. Manual of histology Staining methods of the armed force institute & pathology. 3ed McGraw. Hill Book Company. New York. (1968); pp:34-215.
22-Bancroft JD, Steven AA. Theory and Practies of Histological Techniques. Churchill. Livingston. Edinbarg , London and New York (1982);PP: 36 â€“ 225 ,641.
23-Culling CFA, Allison RT, Barr WT. celluler pathology technique 9th ed . Butter worth. (1985); PP: 214-216.
24-Kozlowski GP, Calhoun ML. Microscopic anatomy of the Integument of sheep Am. J. Vet. Res., 30: (1969); 1267-1278.
25-Abdul Raheem MH, ALâ€“ Hety MS. Histological and Morphological Study of the Skin of the black goat. Iraqi J. Vet. Sci. (1997); 10: 59â€“71.
26-Abbasi MM, Gharzi A, karimi H, Khosoravinia H. Effects of sex on histological characteristics of Various area of skin in an Iranian native breed of sheep J. Anim. Vet .Adv. 7 (11): (2008); 1503-1505.
27- Jenkinson DM, Nay T. the Sweat glands and hair follicles of different species of Bovina. Aust. J. Biol. Sci., (1975); 28: 55-68.
28-Abdul Rahmeem MH, ALâ€“Hety MS, Ahmed NS. Histological and Morphological study of the Skin of one humped camel ( camelus Doredarius) . Iraqi J. Vet. Sci. (1999); 12: 1â€“11.
29-James GM, Jeffery M. Lookinbill and Marks' principles of dermatology 4thed. (2006); PP: 6.
30-Adams NR, Cornje PB. A review of the biology linking Fiber diameter with fleece weight, live weight, and reproduction in Merion Sheep Aust . J . Agric . Res. (2003); 54: 1â€“10 .
31-Abdul-Raheem MH, Elias AM, Ahmed NS. The correction factor of hair density in the skin of native cattle. Iraqi, J. Vet. Med. (in press) (2006).
32-Abul Raheem MH, Al-Hety MS. The correction factor of hair in the Skin awassi sheep and black goat . Iraqi J. Vet. Sci. (2006); 13(2): 27â€“31.
33-Richard W, Hunter J, savin J, Dahl M. Clinical dermatology (4 th ed) malden massachuesttes USA. Black net publishing. (2008); pp: 268.
34-Mahdi AH. Morphological and histochemical studies if the skin of camel (camelus dromedaries). M.Sc. thesis. (1979).
35-Janicki Z, Hraste A, Slavica A, konjevic D, Marinovic Z, Stubican D. Mophological characteristics of the interdigital gland in the roebuck (capreolus caprealus) Vet. Archive. (2003); 73 (1): 27-37.
36-Yasui T, Tsukise A, Miura T, fukue K, Meyer W. Cytochemical characterization of glycoconjugatase in Apocrine glands of equine scrotal skin. Archives of histology and cytology. (2006); 69(2): 109-117 .
37-Hafez BSE, Badreldin AL, Shafei ML. Skin structure of Egyption buffaloes and cattle with particular reterence to sweat glands. J. Agrec. Sci. (1955); 49:19-30.
38-Talukdar AH, Calhoun ML, Stinson AW. sweat glands of the horse. AM. J. Vet. Res. Vol. (1970); 31.12: 2179-2189.
39-Baker MJ, Heymann WR (2009). Eccrine and apocrine glands American Academy of Dermatology. http://www.aad.org/education/students/glands.htm.
40-Waites GMH, Voglmayr JK. Apocrine sweat glands of the scrotum of ram. C.S.I.R,O. Division of animal physiology New south Wales. (1962); 196(4858): 965-967.
41-ALâ€“Abbas AH, Abdul Raheem MH, chaudhury MS, Hilmy MI. The skin of gazelle Morphological Studies . Ann . coll . Med . Mosul. (1974); 5: 114â€“129.
Copyright (c) 2018 Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright: All manuscripts published by Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences are under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. This permits anyone to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited. Copyright on any open access article published by Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences is retained by the author(s).
Note: The journal is not allow any scientific misconduct in any published research article. Any article exceeds the permissible ratio of plagiarism is rejected. However, as a publisher will follow strict scientific guidelines and advice to retract or erratum of any article at any time if found scientific misconduct or errors in any articles. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.