A prevalence study of ectoparasites on the long-eared hedgehog (Hemiechinus auritus) in AL-Muthanna province, Iraq
This study was carried out in AL-Muthanna province during the period from November 2014 to May 2015.A (41) animals of long eared hedgehog Hemiechinus auritus(27 male, 14female) were collected from different area of Al-Muthanna Province (Rural and Urban regions). A total number of 41 hedgehogs, 19 were infested with ticks (46.34%). All ticks were belonged to Rhipicephalus turanicus species, also the fleas of the species Archaeopsylla. erinacei were found on 12 hedgehog of 41 (29.26%) examined hedgehog. Also the results showed, that the rates of infestation with R. turanicus and A. erinacei were difference significant (P<0.05) between the sexes (male and female) of hedgehogs that the rate of infestation with ticks was 12(44.44%) for male and 7(50%) for female, while the fleas was 8(29.62%) for male and 4(28.57%) for female. Highest occurrence of infestation in both tick and flea was in April 62.5%. Prevalence of ectoparasite in March, April and May was 50% and 59.1%. While there were no infection in November, December, January and February. The significant variations were no observed among months in both ectoparasite species (P>0.05).
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