A prevalence study of ectoparasites on the long-eared hedgehog (Hemiechinus auritus) in AL-Muthanna province, Iraq

  • Farhan A. Eabaid and Muhammed Oda Mallah College of Education for Pure Science, University of Al-Muthanna, Iraq.


   This study was carried out in AL-Muthanna province during the period from November 2014 to May 2015.A (41) animals of long eared hedgehog Hemiechinus auritus(27 male, 14female) were collected from different area of Al-Muthanna Province (Rural and Urban regions). A total number of 41 hedgehogs, 19 were infested with ticks (46.34%). All ticks were belonged to Rhipicephalus turanicus species, also the fleas of the species Archaeopsylla. erinacei were found on 12 hedgehog of 41 (29.26%) examined hedgehog. Also the results showed, that the rates of infestation with R. turanicus and A. erinacei were difference significant (P<0.05) between the sexes (male and female) of hedgehogs that the rate of infestation with ticks was 12(44.44%) for male and 7(50%) for female, while the fleas was 8(29.62%) for male and 4(28.57%) for female. Highest occurrence of infestation in both tick and flea was in April 62.5%. Prevalence of ectoparasite in March, April and May was 50% and 59.1%. While there were no infection in November, December, January and February. The significant variations were no observed among months in both ectoparasite species (P>0.05).


1-Hutterer R. Wilson DE. Reeder DM. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. (2005); p. 215.
2-Wilson DE. Reeds DM. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. (2005); Johns Hopkins University.
3-Harrison DL Bates PJJ. Mammals of Arabia. (2nd ed). (1991); Harrison Zoological Museum Publication.
4-Qumsiyeh MB. Mammals of Holy land. Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock Texas, USA, (1996); p 64-66.
5-Stubbe M. Samiya R. Ariunbold J. Buuveibaatar V. Dorjderem, S. Monkhzul, Ts. Otgonbaatar M. Tsogbadrakh M. Zagorodniuk I. Amori G. Hutterer R. Kryštufek B. Yigit N. Mitsain G. Muñoz LJP. Hemiechinus auritus. In: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2008); Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern.
6-Ballenger L. "Hemiechinus auritus", Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November, (1999); 28, 2011.
7-Poddar-Sarkar M. Raha P. Bhar R. Chakraborty A. Brahmachary R. Ultrastructure and Lipid chemistry of specialized epidermal structure of Indian porcupines and hedgehog. Acta Zoologica. (2011); 92 (2): 134.
8-De Magalhaes JP. Costa J. A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of evolutionary biology. (2009); 22 (8): 1770-4.
9-Cunningham PL. Thompson K. Tick-host relationships as determined from wildlife in the United Arab Emirates (Acarina, Fam. Ixodidae) - a preliminary study. (2009); Tribulus magazine.
10-Riley PY. Chomel B. Hedgehog Zonosis. Emerg. Infective Disease. (2005);1,1-5.
11-Beck W. Endoparasitism biem lgel.Wien Klin.Wochenscher. (2007); 119(3).40- 44.
12-Thamm S. Kalko EKV. Wells K. Ectoparasite infestations of hedgehogs (Erinceus europacus) are associated with samall scalo landscape structures in an urban-suburban environment. EcoHealth. (2009); 60.404-413.
13-Christian O. Okorie-Kanu CO. Remigius I. Onoja RI. Ediga E. Achegbulu EE. Onyinye J., Okorie-Kanu CO. Normal hematological and serum biochemistry values of African hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris). (2014); Comp Clin Pathol.
14-Ziaei H. Afield Guide to the Mammals of Iran. Iran wildlife center.Tehran. (2008); pp:433.
15-Jawdat SZ. AL-Jatary AR. Acanthocephala: Moniliformis moniliformis (Bremser,1811) from hedgehog, Hemiechinus auritus In Iraq. Bill. Nat. Hist. Res. Center, (1979);7(3)83-91.
16-AL-Zihiry KJK. Helminths parasites in some small mammals from Basrah Province. MSC Thesis. College of Education-University of Basrah. (2002); pp:84.
17-Baker AS. Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of domesticated animals. Museum, London. (1999); The National History.
18-Goz yY. Yilmaz AB. Aydia A. Dicle y. Ticks and Fleas infestation on east hedgehogs (Erinacens concolor) in van province ,eastern region of Turkey.J.Arthropod-Borne Dis,(2016);10(1)50-54.
19-Zolfaghari N. Study on Endoparasites and Ectoparasites of long eared hedgehog (Hemiechinus auritus) in Zabol-Iran.(2015); Doctoral thesis-University of Zabol-Iran.
20-Hassan IS. Ectoparasites of the long eared hedgehog Hemiechinus auritus (Gmelin) in Ninevah district iraq. Journal Of Biological Sciences Research: (1987); 43-52.
21-Shubber HWK. Al-Hassani NAW. Mohammad MK. Ixoid ticks diversity in the middle and south of Iraq. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, vol.5, Issue9, (2014); pp.1518-1523.
22-Pomykal J. A case of infestation of humans with fleas Archaeopsylla erinacei (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Folia Parasitol. (1985); 32(4): 348.
23-Naimer SA. Cohen AD. Mumcuoglu KY. Vardy DA. Household popular urticaria. Israel Med Assoc J. (2002); 4(11): 911-913.
24-Gorgani-Firouzjaee T. Reza BP. Naem S. Tavassoli M. Ectoparasitic infestation of the European hedgehog (Erinacens europaens) in Urima city. Iran.First report.Veterinary research Forum. (2013); 4 (3)191-194.
25-Brander P. Denzler T. Henzi M. Capillaria hepatica in dog and Hedgehog. schweizer Archiv fur Tierheilkunde, (1990);132:365-370.
How to Cite
MUHAMMED ODA MALLAH, Farhan A. Eabaid and. A prevalence study of ectoparasites on the long-eared hedgehog (Hemiechinus auritus) in AL-Muthanna province, Iraq. AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, [S.l.], v. 16, n. 1, p. 57-60, nov. 2017. ISSN 2313-4429. Available at: <http://qu.edu.iq/journalvm/index.php/vm_journal/article/view/36>. Date accessed: 20 sep. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.29079/vol16iss1art36.